Leon Trotsky

Photograph of Trotsky in 1929 Leon Trotsky; ; also transliterated ''Lyev'', ''Trotski'', ''Trotskij'', ''Trockij'' and ''Trotzky''.}} (; born Lev Davidovich Bronstein;}} – 21 August 1940) was a Russian revolutionary, Marxist theorist, and Soviet politician whose particular strain of Marxist thought is known as Trotskyism.

Initially supporting the Menshevik-Internationalists faction within the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, he joined the Bolsheviks ("majority") just before the 1917 October Revolution, immediately becoming a leader within the Communist Party. He would go on to become one of the seven members of the first Politburo, founded in 1917 to manage the Bolshevik Revolution.

During the early days of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) and the Soviet Union, he served first as People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs and later as the founder and commander of the Red Army, with the title of People's Commissar of Military and Naval Affairs. He became a major figure in the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War (1918–1922).

After leading a failed struggle of the Left Opposition against the policies and rise of Joseph Stalin in the 1920s and against the increasing role of bureaucracy in the Soviet Union, Trotsky was removed as Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs (January 1925), removed from the Politburo (October 1926), removed from the Central Committee (October 1927), expelled from the Communist Party (November 1927), exiled to Alma–Ata (January 1928), and exiled from the Soviet Union (February 1929). As the head of the Fourth International, Trotsky continued to oppose the Stalinist bureaucracy in the Soviet Union while in exile.

Trotsky was assassinated in Mexico City by Ramón Mercader, a Spanish-born NKVD agent. On 20 August 1940, Mercader attacked Trotsky with an ice axe and Trotsky died the next day in a hospital. Mercader acted upon instruction from Stalin and was nearly beaten to death by Trotsky's bodyguards, and spent the next 20 years in a Mexican prison for the murder. Stalin presented Mercader with an Order of Lenin in absentia.

Trotsky's ideas formed the basis of Trotskyism, a major school of Marxist thought that opposes the theories of Stalinism. He was written out of the history books under Stalin, and was one of the few Soviet political figures who was not rehabilitated by the government under Nikita Khrushchev in the 1950s. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1920
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Sowjetrussland und das "Bürgerliche Polen"....
Book Electronic
2
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1917
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Perspektivy russkoǐ revolutzii....
Book Electronic
3
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1903
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Vtoroĭ sʺi︠e︡zd Ros. sots.-dem. rabocheĭ partīi....
Book Electronic
4
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1920
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Sochinenii︠a︡....
Book Electronic
5
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1918
Subjects: '; ...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940....
Book Electronic
6
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1918
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Von der Oktober-Revolution bis zum Brester Friedens-Vertrag....
Book Electronic
7
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1918
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Sovi︠e︠tskai︠a︠ vlast' i mezhdunarodnyĭ imperializm....
Book Electronic
8
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1907
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Tuda i obratno....
Book Electronic
9
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1920
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Terrorismus und Kommunismus....
Book Electronic
10
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1918
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Arbeit, disziplin und ordnung werden die Sozialistische sowjet-republik...
Book Electronic
11
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1920
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Krieg und die Internationale....
Book Electronic
12
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1922
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Salut du Parti communiste francais....
Book Electronic
13
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1920
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Rechʹ na III Vserossiĭskom sʺezde sovetov narodnogo khozi︠a︡ĭstva....
Book Electronic
14
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1922
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Mezhdu imperializmom i revoli︠u︡t︠s︡ieĭ....
Book Electronic
15
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1922
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Rote Armee der Sowjet-Republik auf der Wacht!....
Book Electronic
16
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1920
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Avènement du Bolchevisme....
Book Electronic
17
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1918
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Sovi︠e︡tskai︠a︡ vlastʹ i mezhdunarodnyĭ imperīalizm....
Book Electronic
18
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1920
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Arbeiterklasse und ihre Sowjetpolitik....
Book Electronic
19
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1921
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Parizhsʹka komuna ĭ Radîansʹka Rosii︠a︡....
Book Electronic
20
by Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940.
Published 1921
...Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. Neue etappe....
Book Electronic
Search Tools: Get RSS Feed Email this Search