Leo Tolstoy

Tolstoy on 23 May 1908 at [[Yasnaya Polyana]], four months before his 80th birthday.<ref>"[http://www.tolstoy-studies-journal.com/tolstoy-in-color Tolstoy in Color]," ''Tolstoy Studies Journal,'' a publication of the Tolstoy Society of North America, n.d. Retrieved 27 June 2018.</ref> Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (; Russian: , tr. ; ; ), usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time. He received multiple nominations for Nobel Prize in Literature every year from 1902 to 1906, and nominations for Nobel Peace Prize in 1901, 1902 and 1910, and his miss of the prize is a major Nobel prize controversy.

Born to an aristocratic Russian family in 1828, he is best known for the novels ''War and Peace'' (1869) and ''Anna Karenina'' (1877), often cited as pinnacles of realist fiction. He first achieved literary acclaim in his twenties with his semi-autobiographical trilogy, ''Childhood'', ''Boyhood'', and ''Youth'' (1852–1856), and ''Sevastopol Sketches'' (1855), based upon his experiences in the Crimean War. Tolstoy's fiction includes dozens of short stories and several novellas such as ''The Death of Ivan Ilyich'' (1886), ''Family Happiness'' (1859), and ''Hadji Murad'' (1912). He also wrote plays and numerous philosophical essays.

In the 1870s Tolstoy experienced a profound moral crisis, followed by what he regarded as an equally profound spiritual awakening, as outlined in his non-fiction work ''A Confession'' (1882). His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist. Tolstoy's ideas on nonviolent resistance, expressed in such works as ''The Kingdom of God Is Within You'' (1894), were to have a profound impact on such pivotal 20th-century figures as Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. Tolstoy also became a dedicated advocate of Georgism, the economic philosophy of Henry George, which he incorporated into his writing, particularly ''Resurrection'' (1899). Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1877
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Macha....
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2
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1903
Subjects: '; ...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910 Translations into English....
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3
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1910
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Chingis-khan s telegrafom....
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4
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1887
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Vlastʹ Tʹmy. Puissance des ténèbres....
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5
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1913
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Polnoe sobranie sochineniĭ....
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6
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1891
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Ueberfall....
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7
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1908
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Ne mogu molchatʹ. 2. izd....
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8
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1913
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Detstvo, otrochestvo i i︠u︡nostʹ. Di︠e︡tstvo, otrochestvo, i︠u︡nostʹ....
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9
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1892
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Smertʹ Ivana Ilʹicha....
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10
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1902
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Mysli o vospitanīi i obuchenīi....
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11
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1900
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Voskresenīe....
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12
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1905
Subjects: '; ...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910....
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13
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1902
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. O voĭni︠e︡ i voennom di︠e︡li︠e︡....
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14
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1899
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Anna Karenina. English. Anna Karenina....
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15
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1914
Subjects: '; ...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910....
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16
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1906
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Bozheskoe i chelovecheskoe. Bozheskoe i chelovi︠e︡cheskoe....
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17
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1890
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Kreutzer sonata....
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18
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1900
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Auferstehung. 1. vollständige im auftrage des verfassers...
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19
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1890
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Auferstehung....
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20
by Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910.
Published 1910
...Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. Döda icke! ......
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