Jacques Offenbach

Jacques Offenbach (; ; 20 June 1819 – 5 October 1880) was a German-French composer, cellist and impresario of the romantic period. He is remembered for his nearly 100 operettas of the 1850s–1870s and his uncompleted opera ''The Tales of Hoffmann''. He was a powerful influence on later composers of the operetta genre, particularly Johann Strauss, Jr. and Arthur Sullivan. His best-known works were continually revived during the 20th century, and many of his operettas continue to be staged in the 21st. ''The Tales of Hoffmann'' remains part of the standard opera repertory.

Born in Cologne, the son of a synagogue cantor, Offenbach showed early musical talent. At the age of 14, he was accepted as a student at the Paris Conservatoire but found academic study unfulfilling and left after a year. From 1835 to 1855 he earned his living as a cellist, achieving international fame, and as a conductor. His ambition, however, was to compose comic pieces for the musical theatre. Finding the management of Paris' Opéra-Comique company uninterested in staging his works, in 1855 he leased a small theatre in the Champs-Élysées. There he presented a series of his own small-scale pieces, many of which became popular.

In 1858, Offenbach produced his first full-length operetta, ''Orphée aux enfers'' ("Orpheus in the Underworld"), which was exceptionally well received and has remained one of his most played works. During the 1860s, he produced at least 18 full-length operettas, as well as more one-act pieces. His works from this period included ''La belle Hélène'' (1864), ''La Vie parisienne'' (1866), ''La Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein'' (1867) and ''La Périchole'' (1868). The risqué humour (often about sexual intrigue) and mostly gentle satiric barbs in these pieces, together with Offenbach's facility for melody, made them internationally known, and translated versions were successful in Vienna, London and elsewhere in Europe.

Offenbach became associated with the Second French Empire of Napoleon III; the emperor and his court were genially satirised in many of Offenbach's operettas. Napoleon III personally granted him French citizenship and the Légion d'Honneur. With the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, Offenbach found himself out of favour in Paris because of his imperial connections and his German birth. He remained successful in Vienna and London, however. He re-established himself in Paris during the 1870s, with revivals of some of his earlier favourites and a series of new works, and undertook a popular U.S. tour. In his last years he strove to finish ''The Tales of Hoffmann'', but died before the premiere of the opera, which has entered the standard repertory in versions completed or edited by other musicians. Provided by Wikipedia
1
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Bonne d'enfant. Vocal score. Bonne d'enfant....
Music Score Electronic
2
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1879
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Fille du tambour-major. Vocal score. Fille du tambour major....
Music Score Electronic
3
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1897
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Deux pêcheurs. Libretto. Deux pêcheurs....
Book Electronic
4
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1910
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Île de Tulipatan. Vocal score. Ile de Tulipatan....
Music Score Electronic
5
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Barbe-bleue. Vocal score. Barbe-bleue....
Music Score Electronic
6
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1878
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Madame Favart. Vocal score. Madame Favart....
Music Score Electronic
7
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1910
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Contes d'Hoffman; arranged. Hoffmans Erzählungen....
Music Score Electronic
8
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1897
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Nuit blanche. Vocal score. Nuit blanche....
Music Score Electronic
9
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Grande duchesse de Gérolstein. Vocal score. English & French...
Music Score Electronic
10
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1874
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Château à Toto. Libretto. Château à Toto....
Book Electronic
11
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1866
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Barbe-bleue. Vocal score. French. Barbe-bleue....
Music Score Electronic
12
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1970
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Vie parisienne. Vocal score. German & French. Pariser Leben....
Music Score Electronic
13
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1875
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Voyage dans la lune. Vocal score. Voyage dans la lune....
Music Score Electronic
14
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1888
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Violoneux. Vocal score. Violoneux....
Music Score Electronic
15
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1857
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Demoiselle en loterie. Vocal score. Demoiselle en loterie....
Music Score Electronic
16
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1870
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Jolie parfumeuse. Vocal score. Jolie parfumeuse....
Music Score Electronic
17
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Mamzelle Moucheron. Vocal score. French. Moucheron....
Music Score Electronic
18
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1875
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Orphée aux enfers. Vocal score. German & French. Orpheus in der...
Music Score Electronic
19
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1874
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Orphée aux enfers. Vocal score. Orphée aux enfers. Nouv. partition...
Music Score Electronic
20
by Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880.
Published 1911
...Offenbach, Jacques, 1819-1880. Lischen et Fritzchen. Libretto. German. Fritzchen und Lieschen, oder...
Book Electronic
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