Nathaniel Hawthorne

Hawthorne in the 1860s Nathaniel Hawthorne (; Hathorne; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was an American novelist, dark romantic, and short story writer.

He was born in 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts, to Nathaniel Hathorne and the former Elizabeth Clarke Manning. His ancestors include John Hathorne, the only judge involved in the Salem witch trials who never repented of his actions. He entered Bowdoin College in 1821, was elected to Phi Beta Kappa in 1824, and graduated in 1825. He published his first work in 1828, the novel ''Fanshawe''; he later tried to suppress it, feeling that it was not equal to the standard of his later work. He published several short stories in periodicals, which he collected in 1837 as ''Twice-Told Tales''. The next year, he became engaged to Sophia Peabody. He worked at the Boston Custom House and joined Brook Farm, a transcendentalist community, before marrying Peabody in 1842. The couple moved to The Old Manse in Concord, Massachusetts, later moving to Salem, the Berkshires, then to The Wayside in Concord. ''The Scarlet Letter'' was published in 1850, followed by a succession of other novels. A political appointment as consul took Hawthorne and family to Europe before their return to Concord in 1860. Hawthorne died on May 19, 1864, and was survived by his wife and their three children.

Much of Hawthorne's writing centers on New England, many works featuring moral metaphors with an anti-Puritan inspiration. His fiction works are considered part of the Romantic movement and, more specifically, dark romanticism. His themes often center on the inherent evil and sin of humanity, and his works often have moral messages and deep psychological complexity. His published works include novels, short stories, and a biography of his college friend Franklin Pierce, the 14th President of the United States. Provided by Wikipedia
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Mosses from an old manse....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Biographical stories ......
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Works of Nathaniel Hawthorne....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Mosses from an old manse....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Marble faun....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Works. 1903. Complete writings of Nathaniel Hawthorne....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Twice-told tales....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Marble faun....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Works of Nathaniel Hawthorne]....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Our old home....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Our old home, and English note-books....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Serĉado por la Ora Ŝaflano....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Tales....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Mosses from an old manse....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. House of the seven gables....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Sketches and studies....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Mosses from an old manse....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Wonder book ; and, Tanglewood tales....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Wonder book for girls and boys, and Tanglewood tales....
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...Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Twice-told tales....
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