Miguel de Cervantes

Cervantes<br />(The well-known portrait, supposedly by [[Juan de Jáuregui]]. It has not been authenticated, and no authenticated image exists.){{efn|The most reliable and accurate portrait of the writer is that provided by Cervantes himself in the prologue of the [[Exemplary Novels]], complaining that the lost portrait by [[Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar]] was not used as a frontispiece.<ref name="Gut">{{cite web Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra The earliest documents signed with Cervantes' two names, ''Cervantes Saavedra'', appear several years after his repatriation. He began adding the second surname ''Saavedra'' to his patronymic in 1586–1587 in official documents related to his marriage to Catalina de Salazar. }} (; ; ; 29 September 1547 (assumed)22 April 1616 NS) was a Spanish writer who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world's preeminent novelists. His novel ''Don Quixote'' has been translated into over 140 languages and dialects; it is, after the Bible, the most-translated book in the world.

''Don Quixote'', a classic of Western literature, is sometimes considered both the first modern novel and the best work of fiction ever written. Cervantes' influence on the Spanish language has been so great that the language is often called ''la lengua de Cervantes'' ("the language of Cervantes"). He has also been dubbed ''El príncipe de los ingenios'' ("The Prince of Wits").

In 1569, in forced exile from Castile, Cervantes moved to Rome, where he worked as chamber assistant of a cardinal. Then he enlisted as a soldier in a Spanish Navy infantry regiment and continued his military life until 1575, when he was captured by Barbary pirates. After five years of captivity, he was released on payment of a ransom by his parents and the Trinitarians, a Catholic religious order, and he returned to his family in Madrid.

In 1585, Cervantes published ''La Galatea'', a pastoral novel. He worked as a purchasing agent for the Spanish Armada and later as a tax collector for the government. In 1597, discrepancies in his accounts for three years previous landed him in the Crown Jail of Seville.

In 1605, Cervantes was in Valladolid when the immediate success of the first part of his ''Don Quixote'', published in Madrid, signalled his return to the literary world. In 1607, he settled in Madrid, where he lived and worked until his death. During the last nine years of his life, Cervantes solidified his reputation as a writer, publishing ''Novelas ejemplares'' (''Exemplary Novels'') in 1613, ''Viaje del Parnaso'' (''Journey to Parnassus'') in 1614, and ''Ocho comedias y ocho entremeses'' and the second part of ''Don Quixote'' in 1615. His last work, ''Los trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda'' (''The Travails of Persiles and Sigismunda''), was published posthumously in 1617. Provided by Wikipedia
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Ingenioso hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha. Nueva ed....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Don Quixote. Ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Novelle....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Novelas ejemplares....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Novelas ejemplares....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Ingenioso hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Ingenioso hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Teatro completo....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Novelas ejemplares....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Novelas ejemplares. German. Novellen des Cervantes....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Celoso extremeño....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha. 1. partie...
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Juez de los divorcios....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Exemplary novels....
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha. Nueva ed...
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Works. English. 1901. Complete works of Miguel de...
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...Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, 1547-1616. Don Quixote....
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