Maurice Ravel

Ravel in 1925 Joseph Maurice Ravel (; ; 7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor. He is often associated with impressionism along with his elder contemporary Claude Debussy, although both composers rejected the term. In the 1920s and 1930s Ravel was internationally regarded as France's greatest living composer.

Born to a music-loving family, Ravel attended France's premier music college, the Paris Conservatoire; he was not well regarded by its conservative establishment, whose biased treatment of him caused a scandal. After leaving the conservatoire, Ravel found his own way as a composer, developing a style of great clarity, incorporating elements of baroque, neoclassicism and, in his later works, jazz. He liked to experiment with musical form, as in his best-known work, ''Boléro'' (1928), in which repetition takes the place of development. He made some orchestral arrangements of other composers' music, of which his 1922 version of Mussorgsky's ''Pictures at an Exhibition'' is the best known.

A slow and painstaking worker, Ravel composed fewer pieces than many of his contemporaries. Among his works to enter the repertoire are pieces for piano, chamber music, two piano concertos, ballet music, two operas and eight song cycles; he wrote no symphonies or church music. Many of his works exist in two versions: first, a piano score and later an orchestration. Some of his piano music, such as ''Gaspard de la nuit'' (1908), is exceptionally difficult to play, and his complex orchestral works such as ''Daphnis et Chloé'' (1912) require skilful balance in performance.

Ravel was among the first composers to recognise the potential of recording to bring their music to a wider public. From the 1920s, despite limited technique as a pianist or conductor, he took part in recordings of several of his works; others were made under his supervision. Provided by Wikipedia
81
by Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937.
Published 1990
Music Score
82
Music Recording Electronic
83
by Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937.
Published 1984
Other Authors: '; ...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937....
Music Recording Electronic
84
by Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937.
Published 1994
Other Authors: '; ...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937....
Music Recording Electronic
85
by Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937.
Published 1994
Music Recording Electronic
86
Music Score
87
by Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937.
Published 1989
Music Score
88
by Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937.
Published 1932
Music Score
89
by Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937.
Published 1910
...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937. Menuet sur le nom d'Haydn....
Music Score Electronic
90
by Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937.
Published 1910
...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937. Ma mère l'oye; arranged. Ma mère l'oye....
Music Score Electronic
91
by Debussy, Claude, 1862-1918.
Published 1909
Other Authors: '; ...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937,...
Music Score Electronic
92
by Honegger, Arthur, 1892-1955.
Published 1921
Other Authors: '; ...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937....
Music Score Electronic
93
Other Authors: '; ...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937....
Music Score Electronic
94
by Debussy, Claude, 1862-1918.
Published 1986
Other Authors: '; ...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937....
Music Recording Electronic
95
by Giulini, Carlo Maria.
Published 2004
Other Authors: '; ...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937....
Music Recording Electronic
96
by Argerich, Martha, 1941-
Published 2004
Other Authors: '; ...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937....
Music Recording Electronic
97
by Debussy, Claude, 1862-1918.
Published 1909
Other Authors: '; ...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937....
Music Score Electronic
98
Published 1974
Other Authors: '; ...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937....
Music Recording Electronic
99
Published 1997
Other Authors: '; ...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937....
Music Recording Electronic
100
Published 1987
Other Authors: '; ...Ravel, Maurice, 1875-1937....
Music Score
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