Gershom ScholemGerhard Scholem who, after his immigration from Germany to Israel, changed his name to Gershom Scholem () (December 5, 1897 – February 21, 1982), was a German-born Israeli philosopher and historian. He is widely regarded as the founder of the modern, academic study of Kabbalah, becoming the first Professor of Jewish Mysticism at Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His close friends included Walter Benjamin and Leo Strauss, and selected letters from his correspondence with those philosophers have been published.
Scholem is best known for his collection of lectures, ''Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism'' (1941) and for his biography ''Sabbatai Zevi, the Mystical Messiah'' (1957). His collected speeches and essays, published as ''On Kabbalah and its Symbolism'' (1965), helped to spread knowledge of Jewish mysticism among both Jews and non-Jews. Provided by Wikipedia