Michel Foucault

Paul-Michel Foucault (; 15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault (), was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.

Foucault's theories primarily address the relationship between power and knowledge, and how they are used as a form of social control through societal institutions. Though often cited as a post-structuralist and postmodernist, Foucault rejected these labels, His thought has influenced academics, especially those working in communication studies, anthropology, sociology, cultural studies, literary theory, feminism, and critical theory. Activist groups have also found his theories compelling.

Born in Poitiers, France, into an upper-middle-class family, Foucault was educated at the Lycée Henri-IV, at the École Normale Supérieure, where he developed an interest in philosophy and came under the influence of his tutors Jean Hyppolite and Louis Althusser, and at the University of Paris (Sorbonne), where he earned degrees in philosophy and psychology. After several years as a cultural diplomat abroad, he returned to France and published his first major book, ''The History of Madness'' (1961). After obtaining work between 1960 and 1966 at the University of Clermont-Ferrand, he produced ''The Birth of the Clinic'' (1963) and ''The Order of Things'' (1966), publications which displayed his increasing involvement with structuralism, from which he later distanced himself. These first three histories exemplified a historiographical technique Foucault was developing called "archaeology".

From 1966 to 1968, Foucault lectured at the University of Tunis before returning to France, where he became head of the philosophy department at the new experimental university of Paris VIII. Foucault subsequently published ''The Archaeology of Knowledge'' (1969). In 1970, Foucault was admitted to the Collège de France, a membership he retained until his death. He also became active in a number of left-wing groups involved in campaigns against racism and human rights abuses and for penal reform. Foucault later published ''Discipline and Punish'' (1975) and ''The History of Sexuality'' (1976), in which he developed archaeological and genealogical methods which emphasized the role that power plays in society.

Foucault died in Paris of neurological problems compounded by HIV/AIDS; he became the first public figure in France to die from the disease. His partner Daniel Defert founded the AIDES charity in his memory. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984.
Published 2007
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2
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984,
Published 1994
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3
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984,
Published 1995
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4
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984.
Published 2003
...Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984. Lectures at the Collège de France....
Book
5
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984.
Published 1984
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6
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984.
Published 1994
Book
7
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984.
Published 2007
Book
8
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984.
Published 2013
Other Authors: '; ...Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984....
Book
9
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984,
Published 2003
Other Authors: '; ...Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984....
Book
10
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984.
Published 1980
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11
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984.
Published 1990
Subjects: '; ...Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984 Criticism and interpretation....
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12
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984,
Published 2014
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13
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984,
Published 1991
Subjects: '; ...Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984....
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14
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984.
Published 2001
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15
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984.
Published 1999
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16
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984.
Published 2008
...Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984. Lectures at the Collège de France....
Book
17
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984.
Published 2011
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18
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984,
Published 2017
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19
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984.
Published 1988
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20
by Foucault, Michel, 1926-1984,
Published 2014
Book
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