Environmental ethics today /

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Main Author: Wenz, Peter S.
Format: Book
Language:English
Published:New York : Oxford University Press, 2001.
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Table of Contents:
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • What Is Environmental Ethics?
  • Environmental Ethics Under Attack
  • Disturbing Trends in Human Health
  • Future Generations
  • World Trade
  • Population Growth and Obligations to the World's Poor
  • Obligations to Nonhumans
  • Preview of Chapters
  • Part I. Anthropocentrism
  • 1
  • Overpopulation and Scarcity
  • What Are Free Markets?
  • Cornucopian Economics
  • The Tragedy of the Commons
  • Public Goods, Externalities, and Government Coercion
  • Trading Pollution Permits
  • A Market Approach to Overpopulation
  • Lifeboat Ethics
  • Psychological Egoism and the Possibility of Sharing
  • Human Rights
  • 2. Energy, Economics, and Future Generations
  • Global Warming and Future Generations
  • Human Rights and the Futurity Problem
  • Fair Contracts and Future Generations
  • Environmental Tradeoffs and Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • CBA and Increasing Scarcity
  • CBA and Political Equality
  • CBA and Future Generations
  • 3. Competing Human-Centered Values
  • Environmental Hazards in the Third World
  • How Much Money Is a Human Life Worth?
  • Should Prostitution Be Legalized?
  • Non-economic vs. Economic Anthropocentrism
  • Aesthetic Values
  • National Heritage
  • Transformative Values and Future Generations
  • Moral Pluralism
  • Moral Relativism
  • Part II. Nonanthropocentrism
  • 4. Animal Liberation and Utilitarianism
  • Cruelty to Animals
  • Utilitarianism
  • Speciesism
  • Animal Husbandry
  • Vegetarianism
  • Rodeos and Bullfights
  • The Replacement Argument
  • Against Hedonism
  • Preference Utilitarianism
  • 5. Animal Rights and Medical Research
  • Introduction
  • The Nature of Rights
  • Immortal Souls and Rights
  • Language, Abstract Thinking, and Rights
  • Moral Personality and Rights
  • Contracts and Rights
  • An Animal's Right to Life
  • The Benefits of Experiments on Animals
  • Animal Rights vs. Animal Research
  • Limited Animal Rights in Reflective Equilibrium
  • Animal Research in Reflective Equilibrium
  • 6. Species Diversity and Gaia
  • Massive Extinction of Species
  • Causes of Extinction
  • Why Do We Protect Endangered Species?
  • Animal Rights vs. Species Preservation
  • Species as Individual Living Things
  • The Gaia Hypothesis
  • From Science to Metaphor
  • Metaphors and Moral Implications
  • Mechanical and Organic Metaphors for Nature
  • 7. The Land Ethic
  • Hunting Animals to Preserve Ecosystems
  • The Nature of Ecosystems
  • Does Hunting Help or Hurt Ecosystems?
  • Why Value Ecosystems?
  • Conflicting Moral Commitments
  • Tigers and Elephants in the Third World
  • Part III. Environmental Synergism
  • 8. Human Rights, Agriculture, and Biodiversity
  • Poverty, Efficiency, and Human Rights
  • Environmental Synergism
  • The Benefits of High-tech Agriculture
  • Specialization Leads to Preoccupation with Money
  • Fouling Our Own Nest
  • Sustainability Problems
  • The Green Revolution
  • Biodiversity and Human Welfare
  • Anthropocentrism or Synergism?
  • 9. Ecofeminism and Environmental Justice
  • From Feminism to Ecofeminism
  • Women as Subordinate
  • Indigenous People as Subordinate

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