Experimental syntax : applying objective methods to sentence judgments /

This book provides a concise yet thorough introduction to methods that linguists can use to study patterns of sentence acceptability in speech. Experimental Syntax shows how to design, execute and analyze an appropriate survey experiment for a well-formed question about a matter of fact relative to...

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Main Author: Cowart, Wayne.
Format: Book Electronic
Language:English
Published:Thousand Oaks, Calif. : Sage Publications, ©1997.
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Online Access:Connect to eBook (Available to people from CARLI member institutions.)
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Table of Contents:
  • Cover; Contents; Preface; Chapter 1
  • Introduction: Are Judgments Stable?; 1.1. Doubts about the Stability of Judgments; 1.2. Grammatical Theory and the Measurement of Acceptability; 1.3. Evidence of Stability within Populations; 1.4. Stability of Responses to Individual Sentences; 1.5. Outline of the Book; Chapter 2
  • Error Variance in Sentence Judgments; Chapter 3
  • Designing Experiments on Acceptability; 3.1. Variance and Variance Partitioning; 3.2. Experiment Design; 3.3. Designing and Constructing Sentence Materials; 3.4. Controlling Context; Chapter 4
  • The Sentence Judgment Task. Chapter 5
  • Presenting Sentence Materials to InformantsChapter 6
  • Response Methods and Scaling Issues; 6.1. Category Scale Methods; 6.2. Ratio Scale Methods; Chapter 7
  • Sampling; 7.1. Representativeness; 7.2. Linguist Informants; 7.3. Sample Size; 7.4. Comparing Groups; Chapter 8
  • Settings for Experiments; 8.1. Survey Experiments; 8.2. Laboratory Experiments; 8.3. Field Settings; Chapter 9
  • The Organization and Construction of Questionnaires; 9.1. General Instructions and Demographic Data; 9.2. Response Training and Practice; 9.3. Judgment Criteria; 9.4. Practice and Benchmark Materials. 9.5. The Main Sentence List9.6. Constructing Questionnaires; Chapter 10
  • Coding and Decoding the Data; 10.1. Scanning; 10.2. Patching, Parsing, Decoding, and Sorting Scanned Data; 10.3. Keying and Verifying Unscannable Responses; Chapter 11
  • Summarizing the Data; 11.1. By-Ir Informants Summaries; 11.2. By-Materials Summaries; 11.3. Summaries for Filler and Benchmark Data; Chapter 12
  • Statistical Issues; 12.1. Alternative Tests for Category Scale Data; 12.2. Testing Generalizations across Informants and Token Sets; 12.3. Variation Accounted for. 12.4. Getting Training or Assistance in StatisticsAppendix A: A Reader's Guide to Statistics; A.l Descriptive Tools; A.2 Iniferential Statistics; Appendix B: Statistical Supplement to Chapter 1; B.l. Subjacency; B.2. ""That""-Trace; B.3. Coordination and Binding Theory; B.4. Stability of Responses to Individual Sentences; Appendix C:Excel as a Syntactician's Workbench; C.l. Accessing Software Tools and Sample Files; C.2. Building Questionnaires (Chapter 9); C.3. Coding/Decoding Data (Chapter 10); C.4. Summarizing Data (Chapter 11); C.5. Transferring Data to a Statistical Program. Appendix D: Token Set Data from a ""That""-Trace ExperimentAppendix E: Sample Questionnaire for Scannable Line Drawing; References; Author Index; Subject Index; About the Author.