Nicole LorauxNicole Loraux (26 April 1943 – 6 April 2003) was a French historian of classical Athens. She was born in Paris and died in Argenteuil. She graduated in Classics at the École normale supérieure des filles (1962). In 1965, she obtained the agrégation de lettres classiques (examination equivalent to the Postgraduate Higher Education Teaching Certificate, but more competitive), before writing a PhD thesis under the supervision of Pierre Vidal-Naquet.
Her doctoral thesis ''Athènes imaginaire. Histoire de l'oraison funèbre athénienne et de sa fonction dans la cité classique'' (1977) became Loraux's best known work, ''The Invention of Athens: the Funeral Oration in the Classical City'' (Cambridge, MA 1986; New York 2006; orig. fr. Paris 1981)''.''
Loraux has been influential in the rise of gender as an important category of analysis in ancient Greek history. She has been described as a "preeminent" structuralist historian. In 2007, a conference was held in Paris to explore Loraux's legacy in feminist and classical scholarship. In 2018, a conference in Strasbourg entitled 'The Athenian Funeral Oration: 40 Years after Nicole Loraux' paid homage to the "huge impact" of Loraux's work on our understanding of the funeral oration's "central part in maintaining Athenian self-identity". Provided by Wikipedia