Albert O. Hirschman

Hirschman (left) interpreting for the accused German [[Anton Dostler]] in Italy 1945 Albert Otto Hirschman (born ''Otto-Albert Hirschmann''; April 7, 1915 – December 10, 2012) was an influential economist and the author of several books on political economy and political ideology. His first major contribution was in the area of development economics. Here he emphasized the need for unbalanced growth. Because developing countries are short of decision making skills, he argued that disequilibria should be encouraged to stimulate growth and help mobilize resources. Key to this was encouraging industries with a large number of linkages to other firms.

His later work was in political economy and there he advanced two simple but intellectually powerful schemata. The first describes the three basic possible responses to decline in firms or polities (quitting, speaking up, staying quiet) in ''Exit, Voice, and Loyalty'' (1970). The second describes the basic arguments made by conservatives (perversity, futility and jeopardy) in ''The Rhetoric of Reaction'' (1991).

In World War II, he played a key role in rescuing refugees in occupied France. Provided by Wikipedia
by Hirschman, Albert O.
Published 2001
...Hirschman, Albert O. Passions and the Interests : Political Arguments for Capitalism before Its...
Book Electronic
by Hirschman, Albert O.
Published 2013
Subjects: '; ...Hirschman, Albert O....
Book Electronic
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