Ernest Hemingway

Hemingway working on his book ''[[For Whom the Bell Tolls]]'' at the Sun Valley Lodge, [[Idaho]] in December 1939 Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short story writer, and journalist. His economical and understated style—which he termed the iceberg theory—had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his adventurous lifestyle and his public image brought him admiration from later generations. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, and won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. He published seven novels, six short-story collections, and two non-fiction works. Three of his novels, four short story collections, and three non-fiction works were published posthumously. Many of his works are considered classics of American literature.

Hemingway was raised in Oak Park, Illinois. After high school, he reported for a few months for ''The Kansas City Star'', before leaving for the Italian Front to enlist as an ambulance driver in World War I. In 1918, he was seriously wounded and returned home. His wartime experiences formed the basis for his novel ''A Farewell to Arms'' (1929).

In 1921, he married Hadley Richardson, the first of what would be four wives. The couple moved to Paris, where he worked as a foreign correspondent and fell under the influence of the modernist writers and artists of the 1920s "Lost Generation" expatriate community. His debut novel, ''The Sun Also Rises'', was published in 1926. After his 1927 divorce from Richardson, Hemingway married Pauline Pfeiffer; they divorced after he returned from the Spanish Civil War, where he had been a journalist. He based ''For Whom the Bell Tolls'' (1940) on his experience there. Martha Gellhorn became his third wife in 1940; they separated after he met Mary Welsh in London during World War II. He was present at the Normandy landings and the liberation of Paris.

Shortly after the publication of ''The Old Man and the Sea'' (1952), Hemingway went on safari to Africa, where he was almost killed in two successive plane crashes that left him in pain or ill-health for much of the rest of his life. Hemingway maintained permanent residences in Key West, Florida (in the 1930s) and Cuba (in the 1940s and 1950s). In 1959, he bought a house in Ketchum, Idaho, where, in mid-1961 he shot himself in the head. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961
Published 1957
Book
2
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961
Published 1938
Book
3
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961
Published 1996
Book
4
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961
Published 1997
Subjects: '; ...Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961 Fiction....
Book
5
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961.
Published 2006
Spoken Word Recording Audio CD
6
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961.
Published 2006
Spoken Word Recording Audio CD
7
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961.
Published 2002
Spoken Word Recording Audio CD
8
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961
Published 1970
Book
9
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961.
Published 2003
Spoken Word Recording Audio CD
10
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961
Published 1960
Book
11
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961.
Published 2006
Spoken Word Recording Audio CD
12
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961.
Published 2005
Book
13
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961.
Published 2006
Book
14
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961
Published 1987
Book
15
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961
Published 1996
Book
16
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961
Published 1933
Book
17
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961
Published 2000
Book
18
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961.
Published 2006
Spoken Word Recording Audio CD
19
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961.
Published 1953
Spoken Word Recording Audio CD
20
by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961
Published 1935
Subjects: '; ...Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961 Journeys Africa, East....
Book
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