Greta GarboGreta Garbo}} (born Greta Lovisa Gustafsson;}} 18 September 1905 – 15 April 1990) was a Swedish-American film actress during the 1920s and 1930s. Garbo was nominated three times for the Academy Award for Best Actress, and received an Academy Honorary Award in 1954 for her "luminous and unforgettable screen performances". In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Garbo fifth on their list of the greatest female stars of classic Hollywood cinema.
Garbo launched her career with a secondary role in the 1924 Swedish film ''The Saga of Gösta Berling''. Her performance caught the attention of Louis B. Mayer, chief executive of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), who brought her to Hollywood in 1925. She immediately stirred interest with her first American silent film, ''Torrent'' (1926); her performance in ''Flesh and the Devil'' (1927), her third motion picture, made her an international star.
Garbo's first talking film was ''Anna Christie'' (1930). MGM marketers enticed the public with the tagline "Garbo talks!". That same year, she starred in ''Romance''. For her performances in these films, she received the first of three Academy Award nominations for Best Actress. (Academy rules at the time allowed for a performer to receive a single nomination for their work in more than one film.) In 1932, her success allowed her to dictate the terms of her contract, and she became increasingly selective about her roles. She continued in films such as ''Mata Hari'' (1931), ''Grand Hotel'' (1932), and ''Queen Christina'' (1933). Many critics and film historians consider her performance as the doomed courtesan Marguerite Gautier in ''Camille'' (1936) to be her finest. The role gained her a second Academy Award nomination. However, Garbo's career soon declined, and she was one of the many stars labeled "box office poison" in 1938. Her career revived upon her turn to comedy in ''Ninotchka'' (1939), which earned her a third Academy Award nomination, but after the failure of ''Two-Faced Woman'' (1941), she retired from the screen, at the age of 35, after acting in twenty-eight films.
From then on, Garbo declined all opportunities to return to the screen. Shunning publicity, she led a private life. Garbo also became an art collector in her later life; her collection, including works from painters such as Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Pierre Bonnard, and Kees van Dongen, was worth millions of dollars when she died. Provided by Wikipedia