Josephus

The [[Romanticism|romanticized]] engraving of Flavius Josephus appearing in [[William Whiston]]'s translation of his works Titus Flavius Josephus (; ; 37 – 100), born Yosef ben Matityahu (, ''Yosef ben Matityahu''; ), was a first-century Romano-Jewish historian who was born in Jerusalem—then part of Roman Judea—to a father of priestly descent and a mother who claimed royal ancestry.

He initially fought against the Romans during the First Jewish–Roman War as head of Jewish forces in Galilee, until surrendering in 67 CE to Roman forces led by Vespasian after the six-week siege of Jotapata. Josephus claimed the Jewish Messianic prophecies that initiated the First Roman-Jewish War made reference to Vespasian becoming Emperor of Rome. In response Vespasian decided to keep Josephus as a slave and presumably interpreter. After Vespasian became Emperor in 69 CE, he granted Josephus his freedom, at which time Josephus assumed the emperor's family name of Flavius.

Flavius Josephus fully defected to the Roman side and was granted Roman citizenship. He became an advisor and friend of Vespasian's son Titus, serving as his translator when Titus led the Siege of Jerusalem. Since the siege proved ineffective at stopping the Jewish revolt, the city's destruction and the looting and destruction of Herod's Temple (Second Temple) soon followed.

Josephus recorded Jewish history, with special emphasis on the first century CE and the First Jewish–Roman War (66-70 CE), including the Siege of Masada. His most important works were ''The Jewish War'' ( 75) and ''Antiquities of the Jews'' ( 94). ''The Jewish War'' recounts the Jewish revolt against Roman occupation. ''Antiquities of the Jews'' recounts the history of the world from a Jewish perspective for an ostensibly Greek and Roman audience. These works provide valuable insight into first century Judaism and the background of Early Christianity, and are the chief source next to the Bible for the history and antiquity of ancient Palestine (the Land of Israel). Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 1888
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2
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 2005
Subjects: '; ...Josephus, Flavius. Contra Apionem...
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4
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 1992
Other Authors: '; ...Josephus, Flavius....
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5
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 1859
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6
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 2003
Subjects: '; ...Josephus, Flavius. De bello Judaico. Church Slavic....
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7
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 1930
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8
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 1926
Subjects: '; ...Josephus, Flavius...
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9
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 1845
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10
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 1837
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12
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 1826
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13
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 1927
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14
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15
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 1998
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17
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 1885
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by Josephus, Flavius.
Published 1896
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19
by Josephus, Flavius.
Published 1925
Subjects: '; ...Josephus, Flavius....
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20
by Josephus, Flavius
Published 1888
Book
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