John Calvin

John Calvin (; ; born Jehan Cauvin; 10 July 150927 May 1564) was a French theologian, pastor and reformer in Geneva during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism, aspects of which include the doctrines of predestination and of the absolute sovereignty of God in salvation of the human soul from death and eternal damnation, in which doctrines Calvin was influenced by and elaborated upon the Augustinian and other Christian traditions. Various Congregational, Reformed and Presbyterian churches, which look to Calvin as the chief expositor of their beliefs, have spread throughout the world.

Calvin was a tireless polemic and apologetic writer who generated much controversy. He also exchanged cordial and supportive letters with many reformers, including Philipp Melanchthon and Heinrich Bullinger. In addition to his seminal ''Institutes of the Christian Religion'', Calvin wrote commentaries on most books of the Bible, confessional documents, and various other theological treatises.

Calvin was originally trained as a humanist lawyer. He broke from the Roman Catholic Church around 1530. After religious tensions erupted in widespread deadly violence against Protestant Christians in France, Calvin fled to Basel, Switzerland, where in 1536 he published the first edition of the ''Institutes''. In that same year, Calvin was recruited by Frenchman William Farel to join the Reformation in Geneva, where he regularly preached sermons throughout the week; but the governing council of the city resisted the implementation of their ideas, and both men were expelled. At the invitation of Martin Bucer, Calvin proceeded to Strasbourg, where he became the minister of a church of French refugees. He continued to support the reform movement in Geneva, and in 1541 he was invited back to lead the church of the city.

Following his return, Calvin introduced new forms of church government and liturgy, despite opposition from several powerful families in the city who tried to curb his authority. During this period, Michael Servetus, a Spaniard regarded by both Roman Catholics and Protestants as having a heretical view of the Trinity, arrived in Geneva. He was denounced by Calvin and burned at the stake for heresy by the city council. Following an influx of supportive refugees and new elections to the city council, Calvin's opponents were forced out. Calvin spent his final years promoting the Reformation both in Geneva and throughout Europe. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1948
...Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564. Commentaries. 1948 ;...
Book
2
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1948
...Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564. Commentaries. 1948 ;...
Book
3
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1948
...Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564. Commentaries. 1948 ;...
Book
4
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1955
Other Authors: '; ...Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564....
Book
5
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1948
Other Authors: '; ...Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564....
Book
6
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1997
Book
8
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1965
Other Authors: '; ...Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564....
Book
9
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1969
Book
10
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1973
Subjects: '; ...Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564 Contributions in doctrine of Christian spirituality....
Book
11
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1989
Book
12
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1936
Book
13
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564.
Published 2000
...Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564. Reformation debate....
Book Electronic
14
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1949
...Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564. Commentaries. 1948 ;...
Book
15
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1949
...Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564. Commentaries. 1948 ;...
Book
16
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1950
...Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564. Commentaries. 1950 ;...
Book
18
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1854
Book
19
by Calvin, Jean, 1509-1564
Published 1966
Book
Search Tools: Get RSS Feed Email this Search