Multi-slice and dual-source CT in cardiac imaging : principles, protocols, indications, outlook /

Preface to the Second Edition Despite worldwide efforts to assess and control cardiovascular risk factors, cardiac diseases and in particular coronary artery disease (CAD) are still the foremost causes of death in the developed countries of Western Europe, North America and Asia and are becoming inc...

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Other Authors: Ohnesorge, Bernd M.
Format: Book Electronic
Language:English
Published:Berlin ; New York : Springer, ©2007.
Edition:2nd ed.
Subjects:
Online Access:SpringerLink Available to current RMU students, faculty, and staff. Click here for full text.
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Table of Contents:
  • Cover
  • Contents
  • 1 Introduction
  • 1.1 Basic Principles of CT Imaging
  • 1.2 Established Imaging Modalities for Cardiac Imaging
  • 1.2.1 Invasive Imaging
  • 1.2.2 Non-invasive Imaging
  • 1.3 Clinical Goals for CT in the Diagnosis of Cardiac and Thoracic Diseases
  • 1.3.1 Coronary Artery Disease
  • 1.3.2 Other Cardiac Diseases
  • 1.3.3 Diseases of the Thoracic Vessels
  • 1.4 The History and Evolution of CT in Cardiac Imaging
  • 1.4.1 Principles and Applications of Electron-Beam CT
  • 1.4.2 Cardiac Imaging with Conventional Mechanical CT
  • References
  • 2 Cardiac and Cardiothoracic Anatomy in CT
  • 2.1 Topography
  • 2.2 Standard Views
  • 2.3 Coronary Arteries and Veins
  • 2.4 Pericardium
  • 2.5 Cardiac Chambers
  • 2.6 Cardiac Valves
  • 2.7 Great Vessels
  • References
  • 3 Multi-slice CT Technology
  • 3.1 Evolution from 1 to 64 Slices
  • 3.2 Principles of Multi-slice CT System Design
  • 3.3 Multi-slice CT Acquisition and Reconstruction for Body Imaging
  • 3.3.1 Definition of the Pitch
  • 3.3.2 The Cone-Angle Problem in Multi-slice CT
  • 3.3.3 Multi-slice Spiral Reconstruction Neglecting the Cone-Beam Geometry
  • 3.3.4 Multi-slice Spiral Reconstruction with Cone-Beam Algorithms
  • References
  • 4 Principles of Multi-slice Cardiac CT Imaging
  • 4.1 Basic Performance Requirements for CT Imaging of the Heart
  • 4.2 CT Imaging with Optimized Temporal Resolution: The Principle of Half-Scan Reconstruction
  • 4.3 Prospectively ECG-Triggered Multi-slice CT
  • 4.4 Retrospectively ECG-Gated Multi-slice CT
  • 4.4.1 Multi-slice Cardiac Spiral Reconstruction
  • 4.4.2 ECG-Gated Multi-slice Spiral Acquisition
  • 4.4.3 Segmented Cardiac Reconstruction Algorithms
  • 4.4.4 Cardiac Cone-Beam Reconstruction Algorithms
  • 4.4.5 ECG-Gated Spiral Scanning with Increased Volume Speed
  • 4.5 Synchronization with the ECG and Cardiac Motion
  • 4.5.1 ECG-Based Phase Selection
  • 4.5.2 The Pros and Cons of ECG Gating and ECG Triggering
  • 4.5.3 Alternative Cardiac-Motion Gating Approaches
  • 4.6 Radiation Exposure Considerations
  • 4.6.1 Principles of Radiation Dose Measurement in CT
  • 4.6.2 Radiation Exposure for Selected Cardiac Examination Protocols
  • 4.6.3 Exposure Reduction with ECG-Gated Tube-Current Modulation
  • 4.6.4 Optimization for Different Patient Sizes
  • 4.6.5 Optimization of Contrast-to-Noise Ratio
  • References
  • 5 Clinical Examination Protocols with 4- to 64-Slice CT
  • 5.1 Quantification of Coronary Artery Calcification
  • 5.2 CT Angiography of the Cardiac Anatomy and Coronary Arteries
  • 5.3 Cardiac Function Imaging
  • 5.4 Cardiothoracic Examination Protocols
  • References
  • 6 Image Visualization and Post-processing Techniques
  • 6.1 Trans-axial Image Slices
  • 6.2 Multi-planar Reformation
  • 6.3 Maximum-Intensity Projection
  • 6.4 Volume-Rendering Technique
  • 6.5 Vessel Segmentation and Vessel Analysis
  • 6.6 Four-Dimensional Visualization and Functional Parameter Assessment
  • 6.7 Myocardial Perfusion Evaluation
  • 6.8 Quantification of Coron.