Civil War Boston : home front and battlefield /

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Main Author: O'Connor, Thomas H., 1922-
Format: Book
Published:Boston : Northeastern University Press, c1997.
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Review by Choice Review

In this well-written narrative, O'Connor explores the impact of the Civil War on both the city of Boston and its inhabitants. According to O'Connor, the Civil War proved nothing less than the catalytic agent that transformed Boston from its perch as "America's Athens" to a modern urban center struggling for a new identity amid growing pluralism. Long recognized as a leading authority on Boston's history, O'Connor explores his theme through the lenses of the war experiences of four groups: the business community (class); women (gender); African Americans (race); Irish Americans (ethnicity). Relying heavily on newspapers, public speeches, and some private correspondences, O'Connor explores the varying effects on Bostonians of the war on the home front as well as the battlefield. Although he often drifts from his focus on Boston to include all of Massachusetts, O'Connor offers readers a very insightful portrait of a city in transformation and skillfully blends the charms of anecdotal portraits with the rigors of contemporary social science methodologies. A delightful and long overdue book for both the general reader and serious student. R. J. Lettieri Mount Ida College

Copyright American Library Association, used with permission.
Review by Kirkus Book Review

In this informative microcosmic study of a city during four crucial years, O'Connor (The Boston Irish, 1995) describes how the Civil War's battlefield upheavals were matched by quieter revolutions in metropolitan society, commerce, and politics. One part of O'Connor's narrative--the progress of the Hub's soldiers through four unexpected years of agony--is enlivened by excerpts from contemporary diaries and letters, but covers the same ground as regimental and Army of the Potomac histories. Fortunately, he also spotlights how four local groups, often at loggerheads in the antebellum period, rallied behind the Union after the attack on Fort Sumter. Yankee businessmen, once conservative, not only lent their financial support and civic influence to the mobilization effort, but joined former abolitionist foes like William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips in pressing Abraham Lincoln for emancipation. Women witnessed the end of their monopoly of the high-skill dressmaking trade, as a result of innovations such as the sewing machine, yet began shedding their professional subjection by becoming nurses and by lobbying for humanitarian causes, thus honing skills they would later employ as suffragettes. Irish Catholic immigrants showed courage in war that mitigated the antipathy of Brahmins; the Irish grew more attached to America and gained economic stability via new jobs then opening up. Still, although Boston's African-Americans cheered the 54th Massachusetts Regiment and slavery's destruction, they remained, at war's end, in segregated neighborhoods that limited their political and educational opportunities for another long century. O'Connor could have made this a more useful contribution to Civil War studies by reducing battlefield summaries in favor of exploring how the wartime economy redrew boundaries of class, ethnicity, race, and gender. But he achieves his ambition to show how the war ""disrupted [Bostonians'] homes, altered their work habits, reshaped political alliances, [and] transformed their ideas."" An estimable contribution to Civil War, urban, and reform-movement history. Copyright ©Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.

Copyright (c) Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.

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