Queen Victoria

Photograph by [[Alexander Bassano]], 1882 Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. On 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India.

Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke and the King died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate children. The United Kingdom was already an established constitutional monarchy, in which the sovereign held relatively little direct political power. Privately, Victoria attempted to influence government policy and ministerial appointments; publicly, she became a national icon who was identified with strict standards of personal morality.

Victoria married her first cousin Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1840. Their nine children married into royal and noble families across the continent, tying them together, earning her the sobriquet "the grandmother of Europe", and spreading haemophilia to several royal families. After Albert's death in 1861, Victoria plunged into deep mourning and avoided public appearances. As a result of her seclusion, republicanism temporarily gained strength, but in the latter half of her reign, her popularity recovered. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were times of public celebration.

Her reign of 63 years and seven months was longer than that of any of her predecessors and is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire. She was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover. Her son and successor, Edward VII, initiated the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the line of his father. Provided by Wikipedia
1
Subjects: '; ...Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901 Correspondence....
Book
3
Subjects: '; ...Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901....
Book
6
Subjects: '; ...Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901 Correspondence....
Book
7
Subjects: '; ...Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901 Correspondence....
Book
8
Subjects: '; ...Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (COLdb)99316)
Book Microform
12
Subjects: '; ...Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901 Homes and haunts Scotland Highlands....
Book
16
Subjects: '; ...Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901 Correspondence....
Book
17
Subjects: '; ...Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901 Diaries....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (ISUdb)666029)
Book
19
Subjects: '; ...Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901....
Book
20
Book
Search Tools: Get RSS Feed Email this Search