Internal Revenue Service

[[Internal Revenue Service Building The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the revenue service of the United States federal government. The government agency is a bureau of the Department of the Treasury, and is under the immediate direction of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, who is appointed to a five-year term by the President of the United States. The IRS is responsible for collecting taxes and administering the Internal Revenue Code, the main body of federal statutory tax law of the United States. The duties of the IRS include providing tax assistance to taxpayers and pursuing and resolving instances of erroneous or fraudulent tax filings. The IRS has also overseen various benefits programs, and enforces portions of the Affordable Care Act.

The IRS originated with the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, a federal office created in 1862 to assess the nation's first income tax, which was to raise funds for the American Civil War. The temporary measure provided over a fifth of the Union's war expenses and was allowed to expire a decade later. In 1913, the Sixteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified authorizing Congress to impose a tax on income, and the Bureau of Internal Revenue was established. In 1953, the agency was renamed the Internal Revenue Service.

Though the IRS brings in most of the revenue needed to fund the federal government, its resources have been cut year after year. In 2016 the American College of Tax Counsel wrote to the Congressional leadership stating, "We have watched the agency struggle with significant decreases in funding that have caused staffing and morale issues. In our practices, we have seen the negative impact this has had on our clients, the taxpayers."

In the 2017 fiscal year, the IRS processed more than 245 million returns and collected more than $3.4 trillion in gross revenue, spending 34ยข for every $100 it collected.

On June 28, 2018, Bloomberg News wrote, "The agency has been reeling from budget cuts. The current budget of $11.43 billion is less than in fiscal 2008, and the IRS pared about 15 percent of its workforce over the past five years. The enforcement staff has plunged by more than 25 percent since 2010."

In the 2018 fiscal year, the U.S. federal government spent $779 billion more than it brought in. It is estimated that in fiscal year 2019 the loss will be close to $1 trillion. In fiscal year 2019 the IRS plans to cut an additional 2,200 employees. Provided by Wikipedia
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(CARLI) (Other Sources: (RMCdb)109037)
Book
2
Published 1953
...United States. Internal Revenue Service. Internal revenue bulletin. Cumulative bulletin...
Journal / Magazine
3
Published 1994
Subjects: '; ...United States. Internal Revenue Service....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CSUdb)340255)
Book
4
Published 1969
...United States. Internal Revenue Service. Internal revenue cumulative bulletin...
Journal / Magazine
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Published 1969
...United States. Internal Revenue Service. Internal revenue cumulative bulletin...
Journal / Magazine Electronic
6
Published 1953
...United States. Internal Revenue Service. Internal revenue bulletin. Cumulative bulletin...
Journal / Magazine Electronic
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Published 2007
Subjects: '; ...United States. Internal Revenue Service Automation....
Book Electronic
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Published 1987
Subjects: '; ...United States. Internal Revenue Service Directories....
Book
9
Published 1979
...United States. Internal Revenue Service. Supplemental statistics of income, 1968-1972....
Book
10
Published 1969
...Publication (United States. Internal Revenue Service)...
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (GSUdb)141348, (WIUdb)974145)
Journal / Magazine
11
Published 2006
...United States. Internal Revenue Service....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (GSUdb)368187, (NEIdb)514467)
Software / Computer File Electronic
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Subjects: '; ...United States. Internal Revenue Service Data processing Handbooks, manuals, etc....
Journal / Magazine
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Published 1987
Subjects: '; ...United States. Internal Revenue Service Directories....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (ISLdb)665341)
Book Microform
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Published 1980
...United States. Internal Revenue Service...
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (IITdb)512351)
Book
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Published 1954
...Publication (United States. Internal Revenue Service)...
Journal / Magazine
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Published 1898
...United States. Internal Revenue Service....
Journal / Magazine
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Published 1976
...Publication (United States. Internal Revenue Service) ; 482 (3-76)....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (EIUdb)194795, (GSUdb)114123)
Book
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Published 1993
Subjects: '; ...United States. Internal Revenue Service Directories....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (ISLdb)1129085)
Book
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