Oswald Spengler

Oswald Spengler Oswald Arnold Gottfried Spengler (; 29 May 1880 – 8 May 1936) was a German historian and philosopher of history whose interests included mathematics, science, and art. He is best known for his book ''The Decline of the West'' (''Der Untergang des Abendlandes''), published in 1918 and 1922, covering all of world history. Spengler's model of history postulates that any culture is a superorganism with a limited and predictable lifespan.

Spengler predicted that about the year 2000, Western civilization would enter the period of pre‑death emergency whose countering would necessitate Caesarism (extraconstitutional omnipotence of the executive branch of the central government).

Spengler is rendered as a nationalist, anti-democratic, and a prominent member of the Conservative Revolution, but he rejected National Socialism due to its excessive racialism. Instead, he saw Benito Mussolini, and entrepreneur types like Cecil Rhodes, as embryonic examples of the impending Caesars of Western culture, not withstanding his stark criticism of Mussolini's imperial adventures.

He correctly predicted important developments of his time and strongly influenced other historians, including Franz Borkenau and especially Arnold J. Toynbee. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1980
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CSUdb)533163)
Book
2
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1929
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (BRAdb)90824, (UIUdb)3265016)
Book
3
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1934
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CONdb)37834)
Book
4
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1967
Book
5
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 2006
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CONdb)158600)
Book
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by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1965
Book
9
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1967
Book
11
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1991
...Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936. Untergang des Abendlandes. English. Decline of the West....
Book
12
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1966
Book
13
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1963
Book
14
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1965
Book
15
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1930
Book
16
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1966
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (ISUdb)271479)
Book
17
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1940
Other Authors: '; ...Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936....
Book
18
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1980
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (IECdb)77125)
Book
19
by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1979
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (IECdb)5284)
Book
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by Spengler, Oswald, 1880-1936.
Published 1957
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (IECdb)37600)
Book
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