Francis Poulenc

Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (; 7 January 189930 January 1963) was a French composer and pianist. His compositions include ''mélodies'', solo piano works, chamber music, choral pieces, operas, ballets, and orchestral concert music. Among the best-known are the piano suite ''Trois mouvements perpétuels'' (1919), the ballet ''Les biches'' (1923), the ''Concert champêtre'' (1928) for harpsichord and orchestra, the Organ Concerto (1938), the opera ''Dialogues des Carmélites'' (1957), and the ''Gloria'' (1959) for soprano, choir and orchestra.

As the only son of a prosperous manufacturer Poulenc was expected to follow his father into the family firm, and he was not allowed to enrol at a music college. Largely self-educated musically, he studied with the pianist Ricardo Viñes, who became his mentor after the composer's parents died. Poulenc soon came under the influence of Erik Satie, under whose tutelage he became one of a group of young composers known collectively as ''Les Six''. In his early works Poulenc became known for his high spirits and irreverence. During the 1930s a much more serious side to his nature emerged, particularly in the religious music he composed from 1936 onwards, which he alternated with his more light-hearted works.

In addition to composing, Poulenc was an accomplished pianist. He was particularly celebrated for his performing partnerships with the baritone Pierre Bernac (who also advised him in vocal writing) and the soprano Denise Duval, touring in Europe and America with each, and making many recordings. He was among the first composers to see the importance of the gramophone, and he recorded extensively from 1928 onwards.

In his later years, and for decades after his death, Poulenc had a reputation, particularly in his native country, as a humorous, lightweight composer, and his religious music was often overlooked. During the 21st century more attention has been given to his serious works, with many new productions of ''Dialogues des Carmélites'' and ''La voix humaine'' worldwide, and numerous live and recorded performances of his songs and choral music. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1977
Book
2
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 2000
Other Authors: '; ...Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963....
Music Score
3
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1948
Music Score
4
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1920
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (COLdb)253934)
Music Score
5
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1923
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (COLdb)256443, (NBYdb)629400)
Music Score
6
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1958
Music Score
7
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 2006
Music Recording Audio CD
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by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1965
Other Authors: '; ...Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (DACdb)40224, (NIUdb)298347)
Music Recording Vinyl LP
9
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1957
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CTUdb)152298, (DPUdb)240114)
Book
10
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1989
Other Authors: '; ...Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963....
Music Recording Audio CD
11
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1952
Music Score
12
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1949
Music Score
13
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1963
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (BRAdb)143502)
Music Score
14
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1960
...Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963. Courte paille....
Music Score
15
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1937
Music Score
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17
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1937
Music Score
18
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1920
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (BRAdb)174097)
Music Score
19
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1969
Music Score
20
by Poulenc, Francis, 1899-1963.
Published 1933
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (BRAdb)177023)
Music Score
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