Portugal

[[Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley Portugal (), officially the Portuguese Republic ( ), }} is a country located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain. Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments.

Portugal is the oldest nation state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times. The pre-Celtic people, Celts and Romans were followed by the invasions of the Suebi and Visigothic Germanic peoples. After the Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula, most of its territory was part of Al-Andalus. Portugal as a country was established during the early Christian ''Reconquista''. Founded in 868, the County of Portugal gained prominence after the Battle of São Mamede (1128). The Kingdom of Portugal was later proclaimed following the Battle of Ourique (1139), and independence from León was recognised by the Treaty of Zamora (1143).

In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global maritime and commercial empire, becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers. During this period, today referred to as the Age of Discovery, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration, notably under royal patronage of Prince Henry the Navigator and King John II, with such notable voyages as Bartolomeu Dias' sailing beyond the Cape of Good Hope (1488), Vasco da Gama's discovery of the sea route to India (1497–98) and the European discovery of what would become Brazil (1500). During this time Portugal monopolized the spice trade, divided the world into hemispheres of dominion with Castile, and the empire expanded with military campaigns in Asia. However, events such as the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, the country's occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of Brazil (1822) erased to a great extent Portugal's prior opulence.

After the 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic was established, later being superseded by the ''Estado Novo'' authoritarian regime. Democracy was restored after the Carnation Revolution (1974), ending the Portuguese Colonial War. Shortly after, independence was granted to almost all its overseas territories. The handover of Macau to China (1999) marked the end of what can be considered one of the longest-lived colonial empires.

Portugal has left a profound cultural, architectural and linguistic influence across the globe, with a legacy of around 250 million Portuguese speakers, and many Portuguese-based creoles. It is a developed country with an advanced economy and high living standards. Additionally, it is highly placed in rankings of moral freedom (2nd), peacefulness (3rd), democracy (7th), press freedom (10th), stability (15th), social progress (18th), and prosperity (26th). A member of the United Nations and the European Union, Portugal was also one of the founding members of NATO, the eurozone, the OECD, and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Portugal.
Published 2005
...Portugal....
Book Electronic
2
by Portugal, Anne.
Published 2012
...Anne Portugal ; translation by Jean-Jacques Poucel....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (ISUdb)1583987)
Book
3
by Author of Portugal.
Published 1834
...by the Author of "Portugal," "The New Estate," &c. &c....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (ISUdb)790525)
Book Microform
4
by Author of Portugal.
Published 1831
...by the Author of "Portugal," &c....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (ISUdb)790986)
Book Microform
5
by Portugal, Boavida.
Published 1930
...Boavida Portugal....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (NBYdb)612569)
Book
6
by Portugal, Maks.
Published 1962
...Maks Portugal....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (NBYdb)612585)
Book
7
by Portugal, Renato,
Published 2013
...Renato Portugal....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (NIUdb)2548645)
Book
8
by Portugal, Frank.
Published 1997
...Frank Portugal....
Book
9
by Portugal, Renato.
Published 2013
...Portugal, Renato....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UICdb)3177964)
Book Electronic
10
by Portugal, Renato.
Published 2013
...Renato Portugal....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UICdb)3149920)
Book Electronic
11
by Portugal, Fernandes.
Published 1978
...Fernandes Portugal....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)398896)
Book
12
by Portugal, Fernandes.
Published 1989
...Fernandes Portugal....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)1853082)
Book
13
by Portugal, Anne.
Published 2001
...Anne Portugal ; translated by Norma Cole....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)4590657)
Book
14
by Portugal, Anne.
Published 1985
...Anne Portugal....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)958656)
Book
15
by Portugal, Fernandes.
Published 1985
...Fernandes Portugal ; prefácio, Agenor Miranda Rocha....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)843639)
Book
16
by Portugal, Alberto.
Published 2015
...Portugal, Alberto....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (ADLdb)454915)
Book Electronic
17
by Portugal-Perez.
Published 2009
...Portugal-Perez....
Book Electronic
18
by Portugal, Anne,
Published 2009
...Anne Portugal....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)8562306)
Book
19
by Portugal, Anne.
Published 1987
...Portugal, Anne. De quoi faire un mur....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)8562315)
Book
20
by Portugal, Anne,
Published 2017
...Anne Portugal....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)8562329)
Book
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