Pixar

Pixar's headquarters in [[Emeryville, California]] Pixar Animation Studios, commonly known as Pixar (), is an American computer animation studio based in Emeryville, California, a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Studios owned by The Walt Disney Company. Pixar began in 1979 as part of the Lucasfilm computer division, known as the Graphics Group, before its spin-off as a corporation on February 3, 1986, with funding from Apple co-founder Steve Jobs, who became its majority shareholder. Disney purchased Pixar in 2006 at a valuation of $7.4 billion by converting each share of Pixar stock to 2.3 shares of Disney stock, a transaction that resulted in Jobs becoming Disney's largest single shareholder at the time. Pixar is best known for its feature films technologically powered by RenderMan, the company's own implementation of the industry-standard RenderMan Interface Specification image-rendering application programming interface. Luxo Jr., a character from the studio's 1986 short film of the same name, is the studio's mascot.

Pixar has produced 22 feature films, beginning with ''Toy Story'' (1995), which was the first ever computer-animated feature film; its most recent film was ''Onward'' (2020). All of the studio's films have debuted with CinemaScore ratings of at least an "A−," which indicates a positive reception with audiences. The studio has also produced dozens of short films. , its feature films have earned approximately $14 billion at the worldwide box office, with an average worldwide gross of $680 million per film. ''Toy Story 3'' (2010), ''Finding Dory'' (2016), ''Incredibles 2'' (2018) and ''Toy Story 4'' (2019) are all among the 50 highest-grossing films of all time, with ''Incredibles 2'' being the third highest-grossing animated film of all time, with a gross of $1.2 billion; the other three also grossed over $1 billion. Moreover, 15 of Pixar's films are in the 50 highest-grossing animated films of all time.

The studio has earned 20 Academy Awards, 8 Golden Globe Awards, and 11 Grammy Awards, along with numerous other awards and acknowledgments. Many of Pixar's films have been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature, since its inauguration in 2001, with ten Pixar winners being ''Finding Nemo'' (2003), ''The Incredibles'' (2004), ''Ratatouille'' (2007), ''WALL-E'' (2008), ''Up'' (2009), ''Toy Story 3'' (2010), ''Brave'' (2012), ''Inside Out'' (2015), ''Coco'' (2017), and ''Toy Story 4'' (2019); the three that were nominated for the award without winning it are ''Monsters, Inc.'' (2001), ''Cars'' (2006), and ''Incredibles 2''. In addition to that award, ''Up'' and ''Toy Story 3'' were also the second and third animated films, respectively, to be nominated for the more inclusive Academy Award for Best Picture (the first being Walt Disney Animation Studios' ''Beauty and the Beast'' in 1991).

On September 6, 2009, Pixar executives John Lasseter, Brad Bird, Pete Docter, Andrew Stanton, and Lee Unkrich were presented with the Golden Lion award for Lifetime Achievement by the Venice Film Festival. As part of the ceremony, the physical award was handed to Lucasfilm's founder, George Lucas. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Paik, Karen.
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