Olivier Messiaen

Olivier Messiaen in 1986 Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen (; December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century. His music is rhythmically complex; harmonically and melodically he employs a system he called ''modes of limited transposition'', which he abstracted from the systems of material generated by his early compositions and improvisations. He wrote music for chamber ensembles and orchestra, vocal music, as well as for solo organ and piano, and also experimented with the use of novel electronic instruments developed in Europe during his lifetime.

He travelled widely and wrote works inspired by diverse influences ranging from Japanese music, the landscape of Bryce Canyon in Utah and the life of St. Francis of Assisi. He said he perceived colours when he heard certain musical chords (a phenomenon known as synaesthesia in its literal manifestation); combinations of these colours, he said, were important in his compositional process. For a short period Messiaen experimented with the parametrisation associated with "total serialism", in which field he is often cited as an innovator. His style absorbed many global musical influences such as Indonesian gamelan (tuned percussion often features prominently in his orchestral works).

Messiaen entered the Paris Conservatoire at the age of 11 and was taught by Paul Dukas, Maurice Emmanuel, Charles-Marie Widor and Marcel Dupré, among others. He was appointed organist at the Église de la Sainte-Trinité, Paris, in 1931, a post held until his death. He taught at the Schola Cantorum de Paris during the 1930s. On the fall of France in 1940, Messiaen was made a prisoner of war, during which time he composed his ("Quartet for the end of time") for the four available instruments—piano, violin, cello and clarinet. The piece was first performed by Messiaen and fellow prisoners for an audience of inmates and prison guards. He was appointed professor of harmony soon after his release in 1941, and professor of composition in 1966 at the Paris Conservatoire, positions he held until his retirement in 1978. His many distinguished pupils included Iannis Xenakis, George Benjamin, Alexander Goehr, Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Yvonne Loriod, who became his second wife.

He found birdsong fascinating, notating bird songs worldwide and incorporating birdsong transcriptions into his music. His innovative use of colour, his conception of the relationship between time and music, and his use of birdsong are among the features that make Messiaen's music distinctive. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 1996
Music Recording Audio CD
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by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 2003
Other Authors: '; ...Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (COLdb)252700, (WHEdb)530476)
Music Recording Audio CD
4
by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 2002
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (COLdb)230443)
Music Recording Audio CD
5
by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 2003
Music Recording Audio CD
6
by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 1991
Other Authors: '; ...Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992....
Music Recording Audio CD
7
by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 1959
...Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992. Oiseaux exotiques....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CSUdb)579932)
Music Score
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by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 1952
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (COLdb)340659)
Music Score
9
by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 1995
Other Authors: '; ...Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992....
Music Recording Audio CD
11
by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 1988
Music Recording Audio CD
12
by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 2007
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (BRAdb)365587)
Music Score
13
by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 2003
Other Authors: '; ...Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (BRAdb)286207, (IWUdb)246268)
Music Recording Audio CD
14
by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 2000
Music Score
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by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 2008
Other Authors: '; ...Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (BRAdb)358734)
Music Recording Audio CD
17
by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992.
Published 1966
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (BRAdb)412622)
Book
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by Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992
Published 1952
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (AUGdb)202159, (DPUdb)229555)
Music Score
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