John Bell Hood

35px or |death_date= |birth_place=Owingsville, Kentucky |death_place=New Orleans, Louisiana |placeofburial= Metairie Cemetery, New Orleans, Louisiana |placeofburial_label= Place of burial |image=Lt. Gen. John B. Hood.jpg|signature=John Bell Hood signature.svg |caption= |nickname=Sam |allegiance= United States of America
Confederate States of America |branch= United States Army
Confederate States Army |serviceyears=1853–1861 (US)
1861–1865 (CSA) |rank= First Lieutenant (US)
Lieutenant General (CSA)
General (temporary) |commands= 4th Texas Infantry Regiment
Texas Brigade
Hood's Division, First Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
Second Corps, Army of Tennessee
Army of Tennessee |unit= |battles=American Indian Wars
American Civil War *Peninsula Campaign *Seven Days Battles **Battle of Gaines's Mill *Second Battle of Bull Run *Battle of Antietam *Battle of Fredericksburg *Battle of Gettysburg *Battle of Chickamauga *Atlanta Campaign *Franklin-Nashville Campaign **Battle of Franklin **Battle of Nashville |awards= |laterwork= }} John Bell Hood (June 1 or June 29, 1831 – August 30, 1879) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War. Hood had a reputation for bravery and aggressiveness that sometimes bordered on recklessness. Arguably one of the best brigade and division commanders in the CSA, Hood gradually became increasingly ineffective as he was promoted to lead larger, independent commands late in the war; his career and reputation were marred by his decisive defeats leading an army in the Atlanta Campaign and the Franklin–Nashville Campaign.

Hood's education at the United States Military Academy led to a career as a junior officer in both the infantry and cavalry of the antebellum U.S. Army in California and Texas. At the start of the Civil War, he offered his services to his adopted state of Texas. He achieved his reputation for aggressive leadership as a brigade commander in the army of Robert E. Lee during the Seven Days Battles in 1862, after which he was promoted to division command. He led a division under James Longstreet in the campaigns of 1862–63. At the Battle of Gettysburg, he was severely wounded, rendering his left arm useless for the rest of his life. Transferred with many of Longstreet's troops to the Western Theater, Hood led a massive assault into a gap in the Union line at the Battle of Chickamauga, but was wounded again, requiring the amputation of his right leg.

Hood returned to field service during the Atlanta Campaign of 1864, and at the age of 33 was promoted to temporary full general and command of the Army of Tennessee at the outskirts of Atlanta, making him the youngest soldier on either side of the war to be given command of an army. There, he dissipated his army in a series of bold, calculated, but unfortunate assaults, and was forced to evacuate the besieged city. Leading his men through Alabama and into Tennessee, his army was severely damaged in a massive frontal assault at the Battle of Franklin and he was decisively defeated at the Battle of Nashville by his former West Point instructor, Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, after which he was relieved of command.

After the war, Hood moved to Louisiana and worked as a cotton broker and in the insurance business. His business was ruined by a yellow fever epidemic in New Orleans during the winter of 1878–79 and he succumbed to the disease himself, dying just days after his wife and oldest child, leaving ten destitute orphans. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879.
Published 1985
Subjects: '; ...Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879....
Book
2
Subjects: '; ...Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (KISdb)43699)
Book
3
by Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879
Published 1977
Subjects: '; ...Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (NIUdb)715276, (SMLdb)143420)
Book
4
by Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879.
Published 1993
Subjects: '; ...Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879....
Book
5
by Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879
Published 1970
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (DPUdb)300699, (WHEdb)187233)
Book Microform
6
by Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879.
Published 1996
Subjects: '; ...Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879....
Book Electronic
9
10
Published 1864
Other Authors: '; ...Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (ISUdb)914286)
Book Microform
11
Published 1865
Other Authors: '; ...Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (ISUdb)914947)
Book Microform
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