Hildegard of Bingen

Illumination from the ''Liber Scivias'' showing Hildegard receiving a vision and dictating to her scribe and secretary Hildegard of Bingen (; ; 1098 – 17 September 1179), also known as Saint Hildegard and the Sibyl of the Rhine, was a German Benedictine abbess, writer, composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, visionary, and polymath. She is one of the best-known composers of sacred monophony, as well as the most-recorded in modern history. She has been considered by many in Europe to be the founder of scientific natural history in Germany.

Hildegard's fellow nuns elected her as ''magistra'' in 1136; she founded the monasteries of Rupertsberg in 1150 and Eibingen in 1165. She wrote theological, botanical, and medicinal texts, as well as letters, liturgical songs, and poems, while supervising miniature illuminations in the Rupertsberg manuscript of her first work, ''Scivias''. There are more surviving chants by Hildegard than by any other composer from the entire Middle Ages, and she is one of the few known composers to have written both the music and the words. One of her works, the ''Ordo Virtutum'', is an early example of liturgical drama and arguably the oldest surviving morality play. She is also noted for the invention of a constructed language known as ''Lingua Ignota''.

Although the history of her formal canonization is complicated, branches of the Roman Catholic Church have recognized her as a saint for centuries. On 10 May 2012, Pope Benedict XVI extended the liturgical cult of St. Hildegard to the entire Catholic Church in a process known as "equivalent canonization". On 7 October 2012, he named her a Doctor of the Church, in recognition of "her holiness of life and the originality of her teaching." Provided by Wikipedia
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
Published 1995
Other Authors: '; ...Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179....
Music Recording Audio CD
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
Published 1998
Other Authors: '; ...Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CONdb)114209)
Music Recording Audio CD
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
Published 1994
Music Recording Audio CD
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
Published 2003
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (COLdb)284958, (WIUdb)833728)
Music Recording Audio CD
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
Published 2004
Music Recording Audio CD
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
Published 1997
Book Large Print
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
Published 1990
Subjects: '; ...Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179....
Book
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
Published 2011
Book
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
Published 1985
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CSUdb)392370)
Music Recording Audio CD
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
Published 1994
Book
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
Published 1994
...Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179. Liber vitae meritorum. English. Book of the rewards of life....
Book
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179,
Published 1998
Other Authors: '; ...Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179....
Music Recording Audio CD
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
Published 2005
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (BENdb)145653, (WHEdb)559429)
Book
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by Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
Published 1995
Other Authors: '; ...Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179....
Music Recording Audio CD
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