Lillian Hellman

Lillian Hellman in 1935 Lillian Florence Hellman (June 20, 1905 – June 30, 1984) was an American dramatist and screenwriter known for her success as a playwright on Broadway, as well as her left-wing sympathies and political activism. She was blacklisted after her appearance before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) at the height of the anti-communist campaigns of 1947–52. Although she continued to work on Broadway in the 1950s, her blacklisting by the American film industry caused a drop in her income. Many praised Hellman for refusing to answer questions by HUAC, but others believed, despite her denial, that she had belonged to the Communist Party.

As a playwright, Hellman had many successes on Broadway, including ''Watch on the Rhine'', ''The Autumn Garden'', ''Toys in the Attic'', ''Another Part of the Forest'', ''The Children's Hour'' and ''The Little Foxes''. She adapted her semi-autobiographical play ''The Little Foxes'' into a screenplay, which starred Bette Davis and received an Academy Award nomination in 1942.

Hellman was romantically involved with fellow writer and political activist Dashiell Hammett, author of the classic detective novels ''The Maltese Falcon'' and ''The Thin Man'', who also was blacklisted for 10 years until his death in 1961. The couple never married.

Hellman's accuracy was challenged after she brought a libel suit against Mary McCarthy. In 1979, on ''The Dick Cavett Show'', McCarthy said that "every word she writes is a lie, including 'and' and 'the'." During the libel suit, investigators found errors in Hellman's popular memoirs such as ''Pentimento.'' They said that the "Julia" section of ''Pentimento'', which had been the basis for the Oscar-winning 1977 movie of the same name, was actually based on the life of Muriel Gardiner. Martha Gellhorn, one of the most prominent war correspondents of the twentieth century, as well as Ernest Hemingway's third wife, said that Hellman's remembrances of Hemingway and the Spanish Civil War were wrong. McCarthy, Gellhorn and others accused Hellman of lying about her membership in the Communist Party and being an unrepentant Stalinist. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1966
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (ELMdb)211597)
Book
2
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984
Published 1943
Book
3
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1969
Book
4
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1971
Book
5
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1978
Book
6
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1974
Book
7
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984
Published 2001
Subjects: '; ...Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984...
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CODdb)220590)
Book
8
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1970
Subjects: '; ...Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984....
Book
9
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1942
Other Authors: '; ...Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984....
Book
10
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1979
Other Authors: '; ...Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984...
Book
12
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1934
Book
13
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1963
Book
14
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1936
Book
16
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1942
Book
17
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1951
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (ISUdb)882386)
Book
18
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1969
Book
19
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1979
Subjects: '; ...Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984....
Book
20
by Hellman, Lillian, 1905-1984.
Published 1947
Book
Search Tools: Get RSS Feed Email this Search