Euripides

Bust of Euripides:<br />Roman marble copy of a fourth-century BC Greek original ([[Museo Pio-Clementino]], Rome) Euripides (; ''Eurīpídēs'', ; ) was a tragedian of classical Athens. Along with Aeschylus and Sophocles, he is one of the three ancient Greek tragedians for whom any plays have survived in full. Some ancient scholars attributed 95 plays to him but, according to the ''Suda'', it was 92 at most. Of these, 18 or 19 have survived more or less complete (there has been debate about his authorship of ''Rhesus'', largely on stylistic grounds) and there are also fragments, some substantial, of most of the other plays. More of his plays have survived intact than those of Aeschylus and Sophocles together, partly because his popularity grew as theirs declinedhe became, in the Hellenistic Age, a cornerstone of ancient literary education, along with Homer, Demosthenes, and Menander.

Euripides is identified with theatrical innovations that have profoundly influenced drama down to modern times, especially in the representation of traditional, mythical heroes as ordinary people in extraordinary circumstances. This new approach led him to pioneer developments that later writers adapted to comedy, some of which are characteristic of romance. Yet he also became "the most tragic of poets", focusing on the inner lives and motives of his characters in a way previously unknown. He was "the creator of...that cage which is the theatre of Shakespeare's ''Othello'', Racine's ''Phèdre'', of Ibsen and Strindberg," in which "...imprisoned men and women destroy each other by the intensity of their loves and hates", and yet he was also the literary ancestor of comic dramatists as diverse as Menander and George Bernard Shaw.

Unique among writers of Ancient Athens, Euripides demonstrated sympathy towards the underrepresented members of society. His male contemporaries were frequently shocked by the heresies he put into the mouths of characters, such as these words of his heroine Medea:

His contemporaries associated him with Socrates as a leader of a decadent intellectualism, both of them being frequently lampooned by comic poets such as Aristophanes. Whereas Socrates was eventually put on trial and executed as a corrupting influence, Euripides chose a voluntary exile in old age, dying in Macedonia. Recent scholarship casts doubt on ancient biographies of Euripides. For example, it is possible that he never visited Macedonia at all, or, if he did, he might have been drawn there by King Archelaus with incentives that were also offered to other artists. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Euripides,, Euripides,
Published 1996
...Euripides ; translated by W.S. Di Piero ; introduction, notes, and commentary by Peter Burian....
Book Electronic
2
by Euripides.
Published 1925
...Plays of Euripides in English in 2 volumes....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CSUdb)164088, (NCCdb)62892)
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3
by Euripides.
Published 1912
...euripides...
Book
4
by Euripides.
Published 2009
Table of Contents: '; ... women : a play / by Euripides ; a new version by Gwendolyn MacEwen -- Orestes : a poem / by Yannis...
Book
5
by Euripides.
Published 1981
Subjects: '; ...Euripides Translations into English....
Book
6
by Euripides.
Published 1913
Table of Contents: '; ...v. 1. Translator's preface. Memoir of Euripides. Translations with notes, of nine plays...
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CONdb)21828, (NIUdb)216009)
Book
7
by Euripides,
Published 2010
Subjects: '; ...Euripides Translations into English....
Book
8
by Euripides.
Published 1958
...Euripides III :...
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9
by Euripides.
Published 1996
...Euripides. Ion. English. Ion....
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10
by Euripides.
Published 2001
Subjects: '; ...Euripides v480-v406 Bacchae gnd...
Book
11
by Euripides.
Published 2002
Subjects: '; ...Euripides Translations into English....
Book
12
by Euripides.
Published 2001
...by Euripides ; translated by Marianne McDonald and J. Michael Walton....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (COLdb)221126)
Book
13
by Euripides.
Published 2005
...by Euripides ; translated and introduced by Marianne McDonald....
Book
14
by Euripides.
Published 2002
Subjects: '; ...Euripides, v480-v406. Bacchae. (DE-588)4285169-5 gnd...
Book
15
by Euripides.
Published 2006
Subjects: '; ...Euripides Criticism and interpretation....
Book
16
by Euripides.
Published 1978
...Euripides. Bacchae. English. Bakkhai....
Book
17
by Euripides.
Published 1965
...Euripides ; translated into English rhyming verse with explanatory notes by Gilbert Murray....
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19
by Euripides.
Published 1887
...by Euripides ; tr. into English verse by Robert Potter ; with an introd. by Henry Morley....
Book
20
by Euripides.
Published 1958
...Euripides III;...
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CSUdb)183778)
Book
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