Petru Comarnescu

__NOTOC__ Petru Comarnescu (born 23 November 1905, Iași- d. 27 November 1970, Bucharest) was a Romanian literary and art critic and translator.

Born in Iași into a family that was related to the metropolitan bishop Veniamin Costache, he studied at the University of Bucharest law (degree in 1928), philosophy and philology (degree in 1929) before going in 1931 on a two-year scholarship to the United States of America, where he received a PhD in aesthetics from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, with a thesis entitled ''The Nature of Beauty and Its Relation to Goodness'' (published later in Romanian in 1946 as ''Kalokagathon'').

Together with Mircea Vulcănescu and Alexandru Christian Tell, he started the ''Criterion'' association and magazine in 1934.

Before the Second World War he published in several Romanian newspapers, for example ''Adevărul'', ''Adevărul literar și artistic'', ''Azi'', ''Stânga'', ''Arta'', ''Excelsior'', ''Da și nu'', ''Ulisse'' and was an editor at ''Vremea'' (1931–1936), ''Rampa'' (1933–1934), ''Revista Fundațiilor Regale'' (from its foundation to 1943). Between 1944 and 1949 he published in ''Bis'', ''Agora'', ''Timpul'', ''Arcades'', ''Națiunea'', ''Universul''.

Between 1949 and 1960 he was not allowed to publish under his own name, due to political reasons. The only exceptions were monographies about painters or sculptors: ''Octav Băncilă'' (1954), Abgar Baltazar (1956), ''Viaţa şi opera lui Rembrandt van Rijn'' ("The Life And Work of Rembrandt")(1957), ''Nicolae Grigorescu'' (1959), ''Ştefan Luchian'' (1960).

Later, he would also write about other well-known Romanian visual artists, such as Gheorghe Petrașcu, Theodor Pallady, Nicolae Tonitza, Francisc Șirato, Ion Țuculescu, sometimes even in English ''The Romanian and the Universal in Brâncuși's Work'' (1970).

Trying to avoid being marginalized, he compromised with the Communist authorities, such as by joining the ''Partidul Muncitoresc Român'' (Romanian Workers' Party, later called ''Partidul Comunist Român''- Romanian Communist Party). In 2014 Comarnescu was found to have been an informant for the Securitate.

Alone or in cooperation with others he translated from English or Russian: D. H. Lawrence, Daniel Defoe, Sir Walter Scott, Mark Twain, Eugene O’Neill, J. B. Priestley, Howard Fast, Leo Tolstoi, Alexander Herzen, Alexander Gorchakov, Gleb Uspensky, Nikolay Chernyshevsky, Sasha Chorny, Ilya Ehrenburg.

He was critically acclaimed by his contemporaries, Camil Petrescu calling him "''the leader''" of their generation, Barbu Brezianu its "''herald''", Mircea Eliade its "''magus''".

Comarnescu was married to Gina Manolescu-Strunga, the daughter of a liberal politician, but she had been in love with N. D. Cocea, a well-known writer and journalist, from the age of 17 (and by whom she would become pregnant after her marriage) and as a result they divorced two years later.

He is buried at the Voroneţ Monastery cemetery. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Comarnescu, Petru.
Published 1967
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CTUdb)67839)
Book
2
by Comarnescu, Petru.
Published 1973
Book
3
by Comarnescu, Petru.
Published 1980
Subjects: '; ...Comarnescu, Petru....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)558506)
Book
4
by Comarnescu, Petru.
Published 1967
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UICdb)172690)
Book
5
by Comarnescu, Petru.
Published 1985
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)1600221)
Book
6
by Comarnescu, Petru.
Published 1972
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)2547026)
Book
7
by Comarnescu, Petru.
Published 1974
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)962940)
Book
8
by Comarnescu, Petru.
Published 2003
Subjects: '; ...Comarnescu, Petru Diaries....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)4892959)
Book
9
by Comarnescu, Petru.
Published 1964
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (SCJdb)68585)
Book
10
Published 1965
Other Authors: '; ...Comarnescu, Petru....
Book
11
Published 1959
Other Authors: '; ...Comarnescu, Petru....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UICdb)673776)
Book
12
by Jianu, Ionel.
Published 1957
Other Authors: '; ...Comarnescu, Petru....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)2619806)
Book
13
by Țuculescu, Ion, 1910-1962.
Published 1968
Other Authors: '; ...Comarnescu, Petru....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)2267242)
Book
14
Published 1959
Other Authors: '; ...Comarnescu, Petru....
Book
15
by Jianu, Ionel.
Published 1982
Other Authors: '; ...Comarnescu, Petru....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CTUdb)68055)
Book
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