Ingrid BergmanIngrid Bergman}} (29 August 1915 – 29 August 1982) was a Swedish actress who starred in a variety of European and American films, television movies and plays. She won many accolades, including three Academy Awards, two Primetime Emmy Awards, a Tony Award, four Golden Globe Awards, and a BAFTA Award. She is perhaps most remembered for her roles as Ilsa Lund in ''Casablanca'' (1942) and Alicia Huberman in ''Notorious'' (1946).
Bergman was born in Stockholm to a Swedish father and a German mother, and started her acting career in Swedish and German films. Her introduction to Americans came in the English-language remake of ''Intermezzo'' (1939). In addition to the classic and Best-Film-Academy-Award winning ''Casablanca'' (1942) opposite Humphrey Bogart, her notable performances from the 1940s include the dramas ''For Whom the Bell Tolls'' (1943), ''Gaslight'' (1944), ''The Bells of St. Mary's'' (1945), and ''Joan of Arc'' (1948), all of which earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress; she won the award for ''Gaslight''. She also made three films with Alfred Hitchcock including'' Spellbound'' (1945), with Gregory Peck, and ''Notorious'' (1946), opposite Cary Grant.
In 1950 she starred in Roberto Rossellini's ''Stromboli'', following the revelation that she was having an extramarital affair with the director. The affair and then marriage to Rossellini created a scandal in the U.S. that forced her to remain in Europe for several years, during which she starred in Rossellini's ''Journey to Italy'' (1954), now critically acclaimed. She made a successful return to working for a Hollywood studio in ''Anastasia'' (1956), winning her second Academy Award for Best Actress. In 1958, she starred for a second time with Cary Grant, this time in the popular romantic comedy ''Indiscreet.''
In her later years, she won her third Academy Award, this one for Best Supporting Actress, for her small performance in ''Murder on the Orient Express'' (1974). In 1978 she worked with director Ingmar Bergman (no relation) in ''Autumn Sonata'', for which she received her sixth Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. In her final acting role, she portrayed the late Israeli prime minister Golda Meir in the television mini-series ''A Woman Called Golda'' (1982) for which she posthumously won her second Emmy Award for Best Actress. She died in August 1982 of breast cancer at age 67.
According to the ''St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture'', Bergman quickly became "the ideal of American womanhood" and a contender for Hollywood's greatest leading actress. In the United States, she is considered to have brought a "Nordic freshness and vitality" to the screen, along with exceptional beauty and intelligence; David O. Selznick once called her "the most completely conscientious actress" he had ever worked with. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Bergman as the fourth-greatest female screen legend of Classic Hollywood Cinema. Provided by Wikipedia
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