Aristotle

Roman copy in marble of a Greek bronze [[Bust (sculpture)|bust]] of Aristotle by [[Lysippos]], [[Circa|c.]] 330 BC, with modern [[alabaster]] [[mantle (clothing)|mantle]] Aristotle (; ''Aristotélēs'', ; 384–322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and polymath during the Classical period in Ancient Greece. Taught by Plato, he was the founder of the Lyceum, the Peripatetic school of philosophy, and the Aristotelian tradition. His writings cover many subjects including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theatre, music, rhetoric, psychology, linguistics, economics, politics, and government. Aristotle provided a complex synthesis of the various philosophies existing prior to him. It was above all from his teachings that the West inherited its intellectual lexicon, as well as problems and methods of inquiry. As a result, his philosophy has exerted a unique influence on almost every form of knowledge in the West and it continues to be a subject of contemporary philosophical discussion.

Little is known about his life. Aristotle was born in the city of Stagira in Northern Greece. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a child, and he was brought up by a guardian. At seventeen or eighteen years of age he joined Plato's Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven (c. 347 BC). Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip II of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great beginning in 343 BC. He established a library in the Lyceum which helped him to produce many of his hundreds of books on papyrus scrolls. Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues for publication, only around a third of his original output has survived, none of it intended for publication.

Aristotle's views on physical science profoundly shaped medieval scholarship. Their influence extended from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages into the Renaissance, and were not replaced systematically until the Enlightenment and theories such as classical mechanics were developed. Some of Aristotle's zoological observations found in his biology, such as on the hectocotyl (reproductive) arm of the octopus, were disbelieved until the 19th century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, studied by medieval scholars such as Peter Abelard and John Buridan. Aristotle's influence on logic also continued well into the 19th century.

He influenced Islamic thought during the Middle Ages, as well as Christian theology, especially the Neoplatonism of the Early Church and the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church. Aristotle was revered among medieval Muslim scholars as "The First Teacher" and among medieval Christians like Thomas Aquinas as simply "The Philosopher". His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics, such as in the thinking of Alasdair MacIntyre and Philippa Foot. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Aristotle.
Published 1965
...Aristotle ; with an English translation by A. L. Peck....
Book
2
by Aristotle.
Published 1990
Subjects: '; ...Aristotle. Poetics....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CSUdb)231774, (WHEdb)32940)
Book
3
by Aristotle.
Published 1968
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CSUdb)206229, (WIUdb)444603)
Book
4
by Aristotle.
Published 1967
...Ethics of Aristotle:...
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CSUdb)206680)
Book
5
by Aristotle.
Published 1962
...Aristotle on the art of fiction :...
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (COLdb)62919, (GSUdb)128302)
Book
6
by Aristotle.
Published 1950
Book
7
by Aristotle.
Published 1961
...Pocket Aristotle;...
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CONdb)63588, (MBIdb)125345)
Book
8
by Aristotle.
Published 1894
...Aristotle's treatise on rhetoric,...
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CONdb)67406)
Book
9
by Aristotle.
Published 1893
...Organon, or Logical treatises, of Aristotle....
Book
10
by Aristotle.
Published 1894
...Politics and economics of Aristotle....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CONdb)69793)
Book
11
by Aristotle.
Published 1908
...Aristotle's Politics....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CONdb)70186)
Book
12
by Aristotle.
Published 1947
Book
13
by Aristotle.
Published 1966
...Rhetoric of Aristotle;...
Book
14
by Aristotle.
Published 1934
...[Aristotle in twenty-three volumes ; 19]...
Book
15
by Aristotle.
Published 1908
...Works of Aristotle translated into English under the editorship of W. D. Ross....
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CONdb)141911)
Book
16
by Aristotle.
Published 1955
Book
17
by Aristotle.
Published 2007
Table of Contents: '; ...Aristotle's life and works -- Rhetoric before Aristotle -- Aristotle's classification of Rhetoric...
Book
18
by Aristotle.
Published 1938
...Aristotle selections /...
Book
19
by Aristotle.
Published 2011
Table of Contents: '; ... of Aristotle -- Outline of The Eudemian ethics -- The Eudemian ethics. Book I. Happiness the chief good -- Book...
Book
20
by Aristotle.
Published 1968
...Aristotle on the art of fiction;...
Book
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