Shinzō Abe; born 21 September 1954}} is a Japanese politician serving as Prime Minister of Japan and Leader of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) since 2012. He previously served as Prime Minister from 2006 to 2007 and Chief Cabinet Secretary from 2005 to 2006. In early 2019, Abe surpassed Shigeru Yoshida to become the second-longest serving Prime Minister in post-war Japan and is currently the third-longest in Japanese history.
Abe comes from a politically prominent family and was first elected Prime Minister by a special session of the National Diet in September 2006. Then aged 52, he became Japan's youngest post-war Prime Minister and the first to have been born after World War II. Abe resigned on 12 September 2007 for health reasons after his party lost the House of Councillors election that year. He was replaced by Yasuo Fukuda, the first in a series of five Prime Ministers who each failed to retain office for more than sixteen months.
Abe staged a political comeback, and on 26 September 2012 he defeated former Minister of Defense Shigeru Ishiba for the LDP presidency. Following the LDP's landslide victory in the 2012 general election, he became the first former Prime Minister to return to the office since Shigeru Yoshida in 1948. He was re-elected in the 2014 general election, retaining his two-thirds majority with coalition partner Komeito, and again in the 2017 general election.
Abe is a conservative whom political commentators have widely described as a right-wing nationalist. He is a member of the revisionist Nippon Kaigi and holds revisionist views on Japanese history, including denying the role of government coercion in the recruitment of comfort women during World War II, a position which has created tension with neighboring South Korea. He is considered a hard-liner with respect to North Korea, and advocates revising Article 9 of the pacifist constitution to permit Japan to maintain military forces. Abe is known internationally for his government's economic policies, nicknamed ''Abenomics'', which pursue monetary easing, fiscal stimulus, and structural reforms. Provided by Wikipedia