Sennacherib

Sennacherib during his Babylonian war, relief from his palace in [[Nineveh]] Sennacherib Sîn-ahhe-erība, "Sîn has replaced my brothers"; ; as seen in , , , and (pronounced in Modern Hebrew or in some Mizrahi dialects )}} was the king of Assyria from 705 BCE to 681 BCE. He is principally remembered for his military campaigns against Babylon and Judah, and for his building programs – most notably at the Assyrian capital of Nineveh. He was assassinated in obscure circumstances in 681 BCE, apparently by his eldest son (his designated successor, Esarhaddon, was the youngest).

The primary preoccupation of his reign was the so-called "Babylonian problem", the refusal of the people of Babylonia to continue to accept Assyrian rule, culminating in his destruction of the city in 689 BCE. Further successful campaigns were carried out in the Levant, in the mountains east of Assyria, against the kingdoms of Urartu, Cilicia and the [[Neo-Hittites of Anatolia, and against the Arabs in the northern Arabian deserts. His campaigns in Syria are recorded in the Second Book of Kings in the Hebrew Bible. His death was welcomed in Babylon as divine punishment for the destruction of that city.

He was also a notable builder: it was under him that Assyrian art reached its peak. His building projects included the beautification of Nineveh, a canal 50 km long to bring water to the city, and the "Palace Without Rival", which included what may have been the prototype of the legendary Hanging Gardens of Babylon, or even the actual Hanging Gardens. Provided by Wikipedia
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...Sennacherib, King of Assyria, -681 B.C. Annals of Sennacherib....
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Subjects: '; ...Sennacherib, King of Assyria, -681 B.C....
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Subjects: '; ...Sennacherib, King of Assyria, -681 B.C....
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Subjects: '; ...Sennacherib, King of Assyria, -681 B.C....
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Subjects: '; ...Sennacherib, King of Assyria, -681 B.C....
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...Sennacherib, King of Assyria, -681 B.C. First campaign of Sennacherib, king of Assyria, B.C. 705...
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...Sennacherib, King of Assyria, -681 B.C. Inscription de Bavian....
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...Sennacherib, King of Assyria, -681 B.C. First campaign of Sennacherib....
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by Frahm, Eckart.
Published 1997
Subjects: '; ...Sennacherib, King of Assyria, -681 B.C....
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