Ernst Mayr

Mayr in 1994 Ernst Walter Mayr (; 5 July 1904 – 3 February 2005) was one of the 20th century's leading evolutionary biologists. He was also a renowned taxonomist, tropical explorer, ornithologist, philosopher of biology, and historian of science. His work contributed to the conceptual revolution that led to the modern evolutionary synthesis of Mendelian genetics, systematics, and Darwinian evolution, and to the development of the biological species concept.

Although Charles Darwin and others posited that multiple species could evolve from a single common ancestor, the mechanism by which this occurred was not understood, creating the ''species problem''. Ernst Mayr approached the problem with a new definition for species. In his book ''Systematics and the Origin of Species'' (1942) he wrote that a species is not just a group of morphologically similar individuals, but a group that can breed only among themselves, excluding all others. When populations within a species become isolated by geography, feeding strategy, mate choice, or other means, they may start to differ from other populations through genetic drift and natural selection, and over time may evolve into new species. The most significant and rapid genetic reorganization occurs in extremely small populations that have been isolated (as on islands).

His theory of peripatric speciation (a more precise form of allopatric speciation which he advanced), based on his work on birds, is still considered a leading mode of speciation, and was the theoretical underpinning for the theory of punctuated equilibrium, proposed by Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould. Mayr is sometimes credited with inventing modern philosophy of biology, particularly the part related to evolutionary biology, which he distinguished from physics due to its introduction of (natural) history into science. Provided by Wikipedia
1
by Mayr, Ernst, 1904-2005
Published 1988
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (CODdb)187458)
Book
3
by Mayr, Ernst, 1904-2005.
Published 1982
Book
5
by Mayr, Ernst, 1904-2005.
Published 1945
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (ISLdb)561166)
Book
7
by Mayr, Ernst, 1904-2005.
Published 1963
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (MRTdb)18218)
Book
8
by Mayr, Ernst, 1904-2005.
Published 1970
Book
10
by Mayr, Ernst, 1904-
Published 1944
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (NIUdb)1093574)
Book
12
by Mayr, Ernst, 1904-2005.
Published 1967
Book
13
by Mayr, Ernst, 1904-2005.
Published 1953
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (NEIdb)155535, (SICdb)330777)
Book
15
by Mayr, Ernst, 1904-2005.
Published 2004
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UICdb)3529364)
Book Electronic
16
by Mayr, Ernst, 1904-2005.
Published 1938
Book
18
by Mayr, Ernst, 1904-
Published 1993
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (UIUdb)4290067)
Book
19
by Mayr, Ernst, 1904-2005.
Published 1933
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (WIUdb)946620)
Book
20
by Mayr, Ernst, 1904-2005.
Published 1934
(CARLI) (Other Sources: (WIUdb)946638)
Book
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