Anthony the Great

A Coptic icon, showing, in the lower left,<br/>St. Anthony with [[Paul of Thebes|St. Paul the First Hermit]] Saint Anthony or Antony ( ''Antṓnios''; ; {{Lang-cop|Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ⲁⲛⲧⲱⲛⲓ}) (c. 12 January 251 – 17 January 356), was a Christian monk from Egypt, revered since his death as a saint. He is distinguished from other saints named Anthony such as , by various epithets of his own: , , and For his importance among the Desert Fathers and to all later Christian monasticism, he is also known as the . His feast day is celebrated on 17 January among the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches and on Tobi 22 in the Coptic calendar used by the Coptic Church.

The biography of Anthony's life by Athanasius of Alexandria helped to spread the concept of Christian monasticism, particularly in Western Europe via its Latin translations. He is often erroneously considered the first Christian monk, but as his biography and other sources make clear, there were many ascetics before him. Anthony was, however, the among the first known to go into the wilderness (about  270), which seems to have contributed to his renown. Accounts of Anthony enduring supernatural temptation during his sojourn in the Eastern Desert of Egypt inspired the often-repeated subject of the temptation of St. Anthony in Western art and literature.

Anthony is appealed to against infectious diseases, particularly skin diseases. In the past, many such afflictions, including ergotism, erysipelas, and shingles, were referred to as ''St. Anthony's fire''.

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Subjects: '; ...Anthony, of Egypt, Saint, ca. 250-355 or 6. Correspondence....
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Subjects: '; ...Anthony, of Egypt, Saint, ca. 250-355 or 6....
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Subjects: '; ...Anthony, of Egypt, Saint, ca. 250-355 or 6....
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